It has been argued that the emotion experienced from a piece of music is a multiplicative function of structural features, performance features, listener features and contextual features of the piece, shown as:
Experienced Emotion = Structural features x Performance features x Listener features x Contextual features
Structural features = Segmental features x Suprasegmental features
Performance features = Performer skill x Performer state
Listener features = Musical expertise x Stable disposition x Current motivation
Contextual features = Location x Event
Scherer, K. R.; Zentner, M. R. (2001). "Emotional effects of music: production rules". Music and Emotion: Theory and Research: 361–387.
Music to ride with today: