"A demagogue...is a leader in a democracy who gains popularity by exploiting prejudice and ignorance... whipping up the passions... and shutting down reasoned deliberation. Demagogues have usually advocated immediate, violent action to address a national crisis while accusing their moderate and thoughtful opponents of weakness or disloyalty. Demagogues overturn established customs of political conduct, or promise or threaten to do so.
"Demagogues appeal directly to the emotions of the poor and uninformed, pursuing power, telling lies to stir up hysteria, exploiting crises to intensify popular support for their calls to immediate action and increased authority, and accusing moderate opponents of weakness or disloyalty to the nation."
"20th Century demagogues include Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Huey Long, Father Coughlin, and Joseph McCarthy."
"Demagogues exploit a weakness of democracies: the greater numbers, and hence votes, of lower classes and less-educated people—those most prone to be whipped up into a fury and led to catastrophic action by an orator skilled at fanning that kind of flame. Democracies are instituted to ensure freedom for all and popular control over government authority; demagogues turn power deriving from popular support into a force that undermines the very freedoms and rule of law that democracies are made to protect."
Methods of demagogues:
"Scapegoating; Instilling fear; Telling lies; Emotional oratory; Personal charisma; Accusing opponents of weakness and disloyalty; Promising the impossible; Threats of violence and physical intimidation; Personal insults and ridicule; Vulgarity and outrageous behavior; Folksy posturing; Oversimplification; Attacking the news media."
"Authoritarianism; Charismatic authority; Cult of personality; It Can't Happen Here (1935 novel about the rise of a demagogue in the U.S.); Majoritarianism; Narcissistic leadership; Ochlocracy (mob rule); Populism; Social dominance orientation; Strongman (politics); Thought-terminating cliché; Toxic leader"
text from Wikipedia
Image on the left: AP Files, 2016
Image on the right first appeared 2015, and is a photoshop of the head of Donald Trump on the body of a military officer during the Napoleonic wars. Artist unknown.