Day 29 of #the100dayproject and my #realandendangered project. Today, we are going to look at the Andean Bear, which is the only species of bear that lives in South America. Here are a few more facts: 1. Their other common name is the Spectacled bear, based on their varying whitish or cream markings that encircle their eyes. 2. Their heads are rounded with a snout that is relatively short compared to other bears. 3. They live in the Andes and outlying mountain ranges. 4. Their cubs' eyes are shut when they are born and do not open until after their first month. 5. They have a reputation for being adaptable, as they are found in a variety of habitats and altitudes.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature lists them as "vulnerable" as seen in surveys spanning 1982-2017. Their major threats are habitat loss (inadequate agricultural practice, mining, oil exploitation, water and soil contamination ), illegal hunting (an average of about 180 bears are known to be killed per year across its range) and climate change (the Tropical Andes are among the most vulnerable region to climate change). The Andean Bear inhabits a total of 58 protected areas, but these areas lack funding for proper staff and to enforce protection. Some conservation steps are in the works, including education programs, captive breeding, and action plans for Venezuela. #enmlillustration #thesadhappy #digitalart