you know, i remember, "1988", it was a good year, so much optimism, that things were finally going right for the Peep's, their walls we're being torn down, and goodwill was prevalent in the hearts and minds of the world, it started well until they realised, that they were losing their control, but see for yourself follow the time line,
you know, i remember, "1988", it was a good year, so much optimism, that things were finally going right for the Peep's, their walls we're being torn down, and goodwill was prevalent in the hearts and minds of the world, it started well until they realised, that they were losing their control, but see for yourself follow the time line,
1988 Jan 1, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev exchanged optimistic New Year's greetings, expressing mutual hope they would reach an arms control treaty on strategic weapons within six months.
1988 Jan 2, President Reagan and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney signed an agreement to lift trade restrictions between their countries.
1988 Jan 2, An Ashland Oil Company tank collapsed at Floreffe near Elizabeth, Penn., sending more than 700,000 gallons of diesel oil into the Monongahela River.
1988 Jan 3, Margaret Thatcher (b.1925) became the longest serving British PM this century.
1988 Jan 3, The Israeli Army ordered nine Palestinian activists deported from West Beirut as part of a controversial crackdown to stop the uprising in the occupied territories. Israeli raids on Palestinian and Progressive Socialist Party positions in the region of Saida make killed 21 persons and wounded 11.
1988 Jan 4, Drinking water began to dry up in Pittsburgh suburbs because of a massive diesel oil spill two days earlier that fouled the Monongahela and Ohio rivers.
1988 Jan 5, The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to ask Israel not to deport Palestinians from the occupied territories in the first council vote against Israel since 1981.
1988 Jan 5, Basketball star "Pistol" Pete Maravich died of a heart attack during a pickup game in Pasadena, Calif., at age 40. He had recently finished an autobiography. In 2007 Mark Kriegel authored “Pistol: The Life of Pete Maravich."
(AP, 1/5/98)(WSJ, 2/3/07, p.P13)
1988 Jan 6, Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze was quoted by the Afghan news agency as saying the Kremlin wanted to pull an estimated 115,000 soldiers from Afghanistan in the coming year.
1988 Jan 7, Secretary of State George P. Shultz, seeking to smooth a rift caused by a United Nations vote, told reporters that overall American support for Israel remained "unshakable."
1988 Jan 7, British actor Trevor Howard died in England at age 71.
1988 Jan 8, An Arizona state grand jury indicted Gov. Evan Mecham (1924-2008) and his brother, Willard, on charges of concealing a campaign loan. Both were later acquitted on these charges.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evan_Mecham)(SFC, 2/23/08, p.B5)
1988 Jan 8, In San Francisco Art Agnos was inaugurated as the city’s 39th mayor. He promised not to rest as long as a single homeless person has to make a bed on the streets of the city.
(SSFC, 1/6/13, DB p.42)
1988 Jan 10, In Pakistan Farooq Sattar (28), a founding member of the MQM, became Karachi’s youngest mayor.
(WSJ, 12/5/07, p.A22)(http://tinyurl.com/36566r)
1988 Jan 10, Soviet media reported on an interview given to Chinese journalists by Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who praised the state of Sino-Soviet relations and called for a summit. The Beijing government turned aside the summit call, saying Soviet-backed Vietnamese forces first had to withdraw from Cambodia.
1988 Jan 11, Alexandria, Danielle, Erica, Raymond and Veronica L'Esperance, the first US test tube quintuplets, were born in Royal Oak, Michigan.
1988 Jan 11, Vice President George Bush met with representatives of independent counsel Lawrence E. Walsh to answer questions about the Iran-Contra affair.
1988 Jan 11, Gregory "Pappy" Boyington (75), World War II flying ace died in Fresno, Calif.
1988 Jan 11, The Soviet Union announced it would participate in the 1988 Seoul Summer Olympics.
1988 Jan 12, Willie Stargell, a 21-year slugger with the Pittsburgh Pirates, was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, N.Y., in his first year of eligibility.
1988 Jan 13, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that public school officials had broad powers to censor school newspapers, school plays and other "school-sponsored expressive activities."
1988 Jan 13, Lee Teng-hui (b.1923) became president of Taiwan, the first Taiwan-born head-of-state, following the death of President Chiang Ching-kuo. Lee Teng-hui authorized the establishment of the separatist Democratic Progressive party (DPP).
(WSJ, 2/26/96, p.A-1)(http://experts.about.com/e/l/le/Lee_Teng-hui.htm)
1988 Jan 14, With the United States abstaining, the U.N. Security Council voted 14-0 to call on Israel to stop deporting Palestinians and to allow those already expelled to return.
1988 Jan 15, Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder made racist remarks about black athletes. The CBS football analyst was fired the next day.
1988 Jan 15, Sean MacBride (b.1904), Ireland, commander of Irish Republican Army, died. He was a founding member of Amnesty Int’l. and was awarded the Nobel peace Prize in 1974. He wrote the Constitution of the Organization for African Unity and the first Constitution of Ghana, the first UK African Colony to achieve Independence.
1988 Jan 15, In Jerusalem, riot police charged into the Al Aqsa and Dome of the Rock mosques after worshipers beat a policeman and stole his pistol during some of the worst clashes seen on the revered Temple Mount.
1988 Jan 16, Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder was fired as a CBS Sports commentator one day after telling a TV station in Washington, D.C., that, during the era of slavery, blacks had been bred to produce stronger offspring. He was fired because he claimed blacks were superior to whites in athletics, and he traced it back to how blacks were bred. To make matters worse, he also said "if blacks take over coaching like everybody wants them to, there is not going to be anything left for the white people."
1988 Jan 16, Andrija Artukovic (b.1899), a Croatian Ustasha and a convicted war criminal for the crimes committed against minorities in the WWII Independent State of Croatia (NDH), died in a prison hospital in Zagreb.
(SSFC, 4/4/10, Par. p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrija_Artukovi%C4%87)
1988 Jan 17, The Washington Redskins won the NFC championship by defeating the Minnesota Vikings 17-10; the Denver Broncos beat the Cleveland Browns 38-33 to win the AFC title.
1988 Jan 17, Haiti held a presidential election run by the military-led junta that was boycotted by the opposition.
1988 Jan 17, Angelo de Mojana di Cologna, the Grand Master of The Order of St. John (Knights of Malta), died. Fidel Castro declared a national day of mourning in Cuba.
(WSJ, 12/30/94, p.A6)(www.worldstatesmen.org/Malta_knights.htm)
1988 Jan 18, An airliner crashed in southwestern China, killing all 108 people on board, according to the official Xinhua news agency.
1988 Jan 19, State Farm Insurance Co. in California announced that it will pay $1.3 million to settle a sex discrimination lawsuit brought by three former employees.
1988 Jan 19, In downtown San Francisco a runaway commuter bus plowed through a crowd at Mission and Fremont killing at least 3 people and injuring 15.
(SSFC, 1/20/13, DB p.46)
1988 Jan 20, An Arizona House committee opened hearings on the possible impeachment of Gov. Evan Mecham.
1988 Jan 20, Philippe de Rothschild (b.1902), Bordeaux Vineyard manager, died in Paris.
1988 Jan 21, Retin-A got a boost when a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association said the anti-acne drug could also reduce wrinkles caused by exposure to the sun.
1988 Jan 22, A US federal appeals court ruled that court appointment of independent counsels to investigate allegations of wrongdoing by high-ranking government officials was unconstitutional; however, the Supreme Court upheld the law the following June.
1988 Jan 23, More than 50,000 Israelis demonstrated in Tel Aviv to protest the treatment of Palestinians in the occupied territories.
1988 Jan 23, Charles Glenn King (b.1896), biochemist, died. He and a team of students isolated vitamin C in 1932.
1988 Jan 24, The government of Haiti declared Leslie Manigat winner of that country's presidential election. However, Manigat was overthrown by Haiti's military leader, Lt. Gen. Henri Hamphy, the following June.
1988 Jan 25, In his final State of the Union address, President Reagan declared America was "strong, prosperous, at peace." Vice President George Bush and Dan Rather clashed on "The CBS Evening News" as the anchorman attempted to question the Republican presidential candidate about his role in the Iran-Contra affair.
1988 Jan 26, The Andrew Lloyd Webber musical "Phantom of the Opera" opened at Broadway's Majestic Theater. It ran for 4,000+ performances.
1988 Jan 26, Australians celebrated the 200th anniversary of their country as a grand parade of tall ships sailed in Sydney Harbor, re-enacting the voyage of the first European settlers.
1988 Jan 27, The US Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approved the nomination of Judge Anthony M. Kennedy to the Supreme Court.
1988 Jan 28, A 13-day standoff in Marion, Utah, between police and a polygamist clan ended in gunfire that killed a state corrections officer and seriously wounded the group's leader, Addam Swapp.
1988 Jan 28, Public Service of New Hampshire filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. This was the first American utility since the Depression to go bankrupt, mostly because of unexpected costs of a nuclear plant.
(www.nu.com/aboutnu/psnh.asp)(Econ, 6/2/07, SR p.22)
1988 Jan 28, The Supreme Court of Canada struck down the nation's restrictive abortion law.
1988 Jan 28, Nicaragua's leftist government and Contra rebels began their first face-to-face peace talks, meeting in San Jose, Costa Rica.
1988 Jan 29, A Boston-bound Amtrak train derailed in Chester, Penn., injuring 25 people.
1988 Jan 29, Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega received a coolly polite reception from Pope John Paul II at the Vatican.
1988 Jan 30, Israeli troops fired on hundreds of demonstrators in the West Bank while protests also rocked the Gaza Strip, shattering three weeks of relative quiet in the occupied territories.
1988 Jan 31, The Washington Redskins beat the Denver Broncos, 42-10, to win Super Bowl XXII at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego.
1988 Jan, Women in Black began at the start of the Palestinian uprising, when about 30 Israeli women gathered in the center of Jerusalem in silent protest, each with a sign saying "Stop the Occupation." By the 1990-1991 Gulf War, there were 30 vigils all over Israel.
1988 Feb 1, Denying any wrongdoing, US Attorney General Edwin Meese III said he didn't recall part of a memo about a proposed Iraqi pipeline project that referred to a plan to bribe Israeli officials.
1988 Feb 2, In a speech that three major television networks declined to broadcast live, President Reagan pressed his case for aid to the Nicaraguan Contras.
1988 Feb 2, In Chile the Concertación, a coalition of center-left political parties, was founded. Presidential candidates under its banner won every election from when military rule ended in 1990 until the conservative candidate Sebastián Piñera won the Chilean presidential election in 2010. In 2013 it was replaced by New Majority coalition.
1988 Feb 3, The U.S. House of Representatives handed President Reagan a major defeat, rejecting his request for at least $36.25 million in aid to the Nicaraguan Contras.
1988 Feb 3, The U.S. Senate voted unanimously to confirm Anthony M. Kennedy to the U.S. Supreme Court.
1988 Feb 3, Robert Duncan, American poet, died. He and his partner Jess Collins (d.2004) along with Harry Jacobus founded the King Ubu Gallery in SF in 1953.
(SFC, 1/7/04, p.A19)(www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/a_f/duncan/life.htm)
1988 Feb 4, Senate Republican Leader Bob Dole twice confronted Vice President George Bush on the floor of the Senate, accusing his GOP presidential rival of condoning a campaign attack that amounted to "groveling in the mud."
1988 Feb 5, The Arizona House impeached Gov. Evan Mecham, setting the stage for his conviction in the state Senate.
1988 Feb 5, A pair of indictments were unsealed in Florida, accusing Panama's military leader, Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega, of bribery and drug trafficking. Noriega had used Panama to ship cocaine to the US from Colombia taking some $200-$300 million for himself.
(AP, 2/5/97)(Econ 6/3/17, p.82)
1988 Feb 6, Presidential hopefuls stormed through a final weekend of campaigning before Iowa's precinct caucuses, with a poll for the Des Moines Register giving Bob Dole the lead among Republicans and Dick Gephardt a narrow lead among Democrats.
1988 Feb 7, Leslie Manigat was sworn in as Haiti's president. However, he lost power the following June.
1988 Feb 8, Jimmy Lee Dill fatally shot and killed Leon Shaw in Birmingham, Alabama, and robbed him of cocaine and about $200. Dill (49) was executed in 2009.
(SFC, 4/17/09, p.A6)(www.wsfa.com/Global/story.asp?S=10197524&nav=0rde)
1988 Feb 10, A 3-judge panel of the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco struck down the Army's ban on homosexuals, saying gays were entitled to the same protection against discrimination as racial minorities. The ruling was later set aside by the full appeals court.
1988 Feb 11, President Reagan's onetime political director, Lyn Nofziger, was convicted of illegally lobbying top White House aides. However, the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals later overturned Nofziger's conviction, and the Supreme Court refused to reinstate it.
1988 Feb 11, Iran launched a campaign to retake the Fao Peninsula from Iraq with US planning assistance. Chemical weapons were used in the attack.
(SSFC, 8/18/02, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Faw_Peninsula)
1988 Feb 12, Alexander M. Haig dropped out of the race for the Republican presidential nomination.
1988 Feb 12, The Pentagon charged that two Soviet Navy vessels deliberately bumped two U.S. warships in the Black Sea as the American vessels sailed through waters claimed by the Soviet Union.
1988 Feb 13, The 15th winter Olympics opened in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
1988 Feb 13, President Reagan and Mexican President Miguel de la Madrid met in the Mexican resort of Mazatlan.
1988 Feb 14, Hours after learning that his sister had died of leukemia, American Dan Jansen lost his bid for a gold medal at the Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada, when he fell during the 500-meter speed-skating event.
1988 Feb 14, Broadway composer Frederick Loewe, who wrote the scores for "My Fair Lady" and "Camelot," died in Palm Springs, Calif., at age 86.
1988 Feb 14, Alfredo Stroessner was re-elected president of Paraguay.
1988 Feb 15, Richard Feynman (b.1918), physicist and 1965 Nobel prize winner, died. He invented the Feynman diagrams, a shorthand way of representing how electrons and photons interact. His book "What Do You Care What Other People Think" was published this year. In 1992 James Gleick wrote his biography: "Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman." A collection of his short works: "The Pleasure of Finding Things Out" was published in 1999.
(SFEC, 8/3/97, BR p.3)(WSJ, 11/10/99, p.A20)(http://tinyurl.com/gaxcj)
1988 Feb 15, Frederick [Fritz] Loewe (b.1901), German-born composer (Brigadoon, My Fair Lady, Camelot), died in California.
1988 Feb 15, Austrian President Kurt Waldheim vowed in a televised address not to "retreat in the face of slanders" concerning his service for the German Army during World War II.
1988 Feb 15, The Soviet Union was defeated by Afghanistan, and a total withdrawal by the Soviets occurred. In 2003 George Crile authored "Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of the largest Covert Operation in History."
(www.afghan, 5/25/98)(SSFC, 5/25/03, p.M1)
1988 Feb 16, Vice President George Bush and Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis scored big victories in the New Hampshire Republican and Democratic presidential primaries. Bush won the New Hampshire primary over Bob Dole, Jack Kemp, Pete du Pont and Pat Robertson 37.7 to 28.5 to 12.8 to 10.1 to 9.4%. Dukakis won over Dick Gephardt and Paul Simon 35.9 to 19.9 to 17.2%.
(AP, 2/16/98)(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)
1988 Feb 16, Richard Wade Farley gunned down 7 people at ESL Corp. during an office rampage in Sunnyvale, Calif. Farley was later convicted of murder and sentenced to death.
(AP, 2/16/98)(SFC, 10/27/04, p.B1)
1988 Feb 17, Lt. Col. William Higgins, an American officer serving with a United Nations truce monitoring group, was kidnapped in southern Lebanon. He was later slain by his captors.
1988 Feb 18, Anthony M. Kennedy was sworn in as the 104th justice of the Supreme Court.
1988 Feb 18, Soviet Communist Party leaders dropped former Moscow party chief Boris N. Yeltsin from the ruling Politburo.
1988 Feb 19, A group calling itself the "Organization of the Oppressed on Earth" claimed responsibility for the kidnapping in Lebanon of U.S. Marine Lt. Col. William R. Higgins. Higgins was later slain by his captors.
1988 Feb 20, U.S. figure skater Brian Boitano won the gold medal in the men's competition at the Winter Olympic Games in Calgary, Canada, with Brian Orser of Canada placing second.
1988 Feb 20, Peter Kalikow purchased the NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million.
1988 Feb 21, TV evangelist Jimmy Swaggart tearfully confessed to his congregation in Baton Rouge, La., that he was guilty of an unspecified sin, and said he was leaving the pulpit temporarily. Reports linked Swaggart to an admitted prostitute, Debra Murphree.
1988 Feb 23, President Reagan named William L. Ball III to succeed James H. Webb Jr. as Navy Secretary.
1988 Feb 23, Presidential hopeful Bob Dole defeated Vice President George Bush in the South Dakota and Minnesota Republican primaries; among Democrats, Michael S. Dukakis won in Minnesota, Dick Gephardt in South Dakota.
1988 Feb 24, In a 8-0 ruling that expanded legal protections for parody and satire, the US Supreme Court overturned a $200,000 award that the Rev. Jerry Falwell had won against "Hustler" magazine and publisher Larry Flynt.
1988 Feb 24, A week of tropical rainstorms left at least 275 people dead in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
1988 Feb 25, Chicago gave the Cubs baseball team the right to install lights and play up to 18 night games.
1988 Feb 25, Panama's civilian president, Eric Arturo Delvalle announced the dismissal of Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega as commander of the country's Defense Forces. The next day, Panama's National Assembly voted to oust Delvalle.
1988 Feb 26, In NYC police officer Edward Byrne was killed with five shots to the head. His death led Congress to create the Edward Byrne Justice Assistance Grant (JAG).
(Econ, 11/30/13, p.32)
1988 Feb 26, Eric Arturo Delvalle, ousted as president of Panama by the country's National Assembly, called for a national strike to repudiate Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega.
1988 Feb 26, The Soviet Union's hockey team clinched the gold medal at the Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada.
1988 Feb 27, Katarina Witt of East Germany won the gold medal in women's figure skating at the Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada, with Elizabeth Manley of Canada placing second and Debi Thomas of the United States, third. Debi Thomas became the first African American to win a medal at the Winter Olympics.
(AP, 2/27/98)(HN, 2/27/99)
1988 Feb 28, The 15th Olympic Winter Games held its closing ceremony in Calgary, Canada.
1988 Feb 28, Ethnic unrest broke out between Armenians and Azerbaijanis in the city of Sumgait. There was an anti-Armenian pogrom in the town of Sumgait. A national awakening occurred in Azerbaijan when conflict erupted over the Armenian enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, included by the Soviets in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The Armenian population in Nagorno-Karabakh began fighting for independence.
(WSJ, 8/7/96, p.A15)(AP, 2/28/98)(SFC, 11/27/96, p.A13)(WSJ, 5/14/97, p.A22)
1988 Feb 29, A Nazi document was discovered that implicated participation of Austrian president and former U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim in WWII deportations.
1988 Feb 29, South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu and other religious leaders were arrested while kneeling near Parliament with a petition against government bans on anti-apartheid groups. All were freed hours later.
1988 Feb, Republican George H.W. Bush won the New Hampshire primary over Bob Dole, Jack Kemp, Pete du Pont and Pat Robertson 37.7 to 28.5 to 12.8 to 10.1 to 9.4%. Democrat Michael Dukakis won over Dick Gephardt and Paul Simon 35.9 to 19.9 to 17.2%.
(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)
1988 Feb, A Panamanian freighter named Christina M was seized north of Hawaii with 20 tons of marijuana. Steven Martin Wolosky and Mark Stephen Gayer were arrested in March as leaders of a drug ring that organized the transfer of marijuana from mother ships to smaller vessels. The 2 men faked a 1989 boating accident and went into hiding until caught in 2000.
(SFC, 6/22/00, p.A15)
1988 Feb, Wool sold for $230 a bale, a record price.
(NG, 5.1988, pp. 575)
1988 Feb-1988 Sep, Some 50-100 thousand Kurds were killed by poisonous gas from Iraqi forces in the 8-stage Anfal campaign. The Hussein regime bulldozed some 4,000 ethnic Kurd villages due to suspicions of Kurds siding with Iran. Estimates held as many as 182,000 Kurds dead or missing.
(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A11)(AP, 8/21/06)(SFC, 8/21/06, p.A6)(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A18)
1988 Mar 1, Courtney Gibbs Eplin (21) of Texas was crowned 37th Miss USA.
1988 Mar 1, President Reagan arrived in Brussels, Belgium, for the first NATO summit in six years.
1988 Mar 1, Pontiac announced the end of the Fiero automobile.
1988 Mar 1, Iraq said it had fired 16 missiles into Tehran in the first long-range rocket attack on the Iranian capital since the Iran-Iraq war began.
1988 Mar 2, In the 30th Grammy Awards: Graceland, Joshua Tree, Jody Watley won.
1988 Mar 2, Dutch Liberal Party merged with SDP.
1988 Mar 2, The U.N. General Assembly voted overwhelmingly to order the United States to submit to binding arbitration its plan to close the observer mission of the Palestine Liberation Organization. A federal court later stopped the U.S.
1988 Mar 3, The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a package of $30 million in non-lethal aid for the Nicaraguan Contras.
1988 Mar 4, The US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the civilian unemployment rate had dropped the previous month to 5.7 percent.
1988 Mar 5, Vice President George Bush won the South Carolina Republican primary, with Kansas Senator Bob Dole running a distant second, followed by Pat Robertson and New York Congressman Jack Kemp.
1988 Mar 6, The board of trustees at Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C., a liberal arts college for the deaf, selected Elisabeth Zinser, a hearing woman, to be school president. Outraged students shut down the campus, forcing the selection of a deaf president, I. King Jordan, instead.
1988 Mar 6, British SAS officers killed 3 IRA suspects in Gibraltar.
1988 Mar 7, The US Supreme Court sided with an investor who lost money when he sold shares in Basic Inc because a pending merger was being publicly denied by the company. This led to the established the principle of “fraud-on-the-market."
(http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/485/224/case.html)(Econ, 3/1/14, p.73)
1988 Mar 7, Divine (born as Harris Milstead in 1945), female impersonator (Pink Flamingos, Hairspray), died.
1988 Mar 7, Robert Livingston (b.1904), actor (Lone Ranger), died of emphysema. He was born as Robert Edgar Randall. There were 51 Three Mesquiteers yarns churned out by Republic Pictures from 1936-1943, and Livingston appeared in 29.
1988 Mar 7, Three Israelis were killed when three Arab gunmen hijacked a commuter bus in the Negev Desert; the hijackers themselves were killed when Israeli forces stormed the vehicle.
1988 Mar 8, Vice President George Bush was the big winner in the Super Tuesday Republican presidential primaries. Among Democrats, Michael S. Dukakis, Jesse Jackson and Al Gore split the lion's share of delegates.
1988 Mar 8, In San Francisco at least 3 people made off with more than half a million dollars after the loot spilled from a Loomis Armored Inc. truck onto Third Street. An additional $1.3 million was left on the street. Louis A Lopez of Daly City picked up two bundles containing $40,100 and took them to the Loomis offices.
(SSFC, 3/3/13, DB p.42)
1988 Mar 8, Seventeen soldiers died when two Army helicopters from Fort Campbell, Ky., collided in midair.
1988 Mar 9, The day after the Super Tuesday primaries and caucuses, Republican George Bush spent the day in Houston, savoring his 16-state sweep, while Democrats Michael Dukakis, Jesse Jackson and Al Gore enjoyed more modest successes.
1988 Mar 9, Kurt Georg Kiesinger (b.1904), West German chancellor (1966-69), died.
1988 Mar 10, New York Congressman Jack Kemp dropped out of the race for the Republican presidential nomination.
1988 Mar 10, Prior to the 50th anniversary of the Anschluss, Austrian President Kurt Waldheim apologized on his country's behalf for atrocities committed by Austrian Nazis.
1988 Mar 10, Pop singer Andy Gibb died in Oxford, England, at age 30 of heart inflammation.
1988 Mar 11, Saying, "The people have decided," Gary Hart withdrew a second time from the race for the 1988 Democratic presidential nomination. Gary Hart, former US Senator from Colorado campaigned for the democratic nomination for president until a photograph of himself with a woman named Donna Rice, not his wife, appeared. She sat on his lap aboard a boat named Monkey Business. In 1996 Hart wrote a book using Machiavelli’s "The Prince" format. It was titled: "The Patriot: An Exhortation to Liberate America From the Barbarians."
(SFC, 7/14/96, p.C11)(AP, 3/11/98)
1988 Mar 12, Rev. Jesse Jackson won the Democratic precinct caucuses in his native South Carolina.
1988 Mar 12, Romare Bearden (b.1911), North Carolina-born African American artist, died in NY. He depicted black culture and history and transferred his collages to prints using a variety of techniques. In 2004 Jan Greenberg authored "Romare Bearden: Collage of Memories."
(SFC, 3/24/04, p.E1)(www.courses.vcu.edu/ENG-mam/bio5.htm)
1988 Mar 13, Yielding to student protests, the board of trustees of Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C., a liberal arts college for the hearing-impaired, chose I. King Jordan to become the school's first deaf president, replacing Elisabeth Ann Zinser, a hearing woman.
1988 Mar 13, John Curtis Holmes, former porn star, died of an AIDS-related illness. In 2003 the film "Wonderland" starred Val Kilmer as Holmes.
(ST, 10/17/03, p.22H)(http://tinyurl.com/4whfj)
1988 Mar 14, Chinese troops killed 64 Vietnamese sailors in clashes over the Spratly Islands. Nine Vietnamese engineering soldiers were taken prisoner.
(Econ, 10/22/11, p.53)(AP, 3/14/16)
1988 Mar 14, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir arrived in Washington, D.C., with what he called new ideas for Middle East peace talks, despite maintaining a hard-line on Israel's retention of the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
1988 Mar 15, Paul Simon defeated Jesse Jackson in the Illinois Democratic primary, while George Bush won a ringing victory over Bob Dole in the Republican contest.
1988 Mar 15, NFL owners approved the move of the St Louis Cardinals to Phoenix.
1988 Mar 15, In southern California Joe Morgan (49), a former baseball star and Hall of Famer, was roughed up and handcuffed by LA police and a DEA agent, who mistook him for a drug suspect. A federal appeal court later reduced Morgan’s $540,000 damage award to between $190,000 and $340,000.
(SSFC, 9/10/17 DB p.54)
1988 Mar 16, The US sent 3000 soldiers to Honduras.
1988 Mar 16, Former National Security Adviser John M. Poindexter, former White House aide Oliver L. North, retired Air Force Maj. Gen. Richard V. Secord and Secord's business partner, Albert Hakim, were indicted on charges relating to the Iran-Contra affair. Poindexter and North had their convictions thrown out; Secord and Hakim received probation after each pleaded guilty to a single count.
1988 Mar 16, Mickey Thompson (59), drag racer, and his wife Trudy (41) were found shot to death at their Bradbury home 15 miles east of LA. In December, 2001, Michael Goodwin, Thompson’s former business partner, was charged with the murders of Mickey and Trudy Thompson. Goodwin’s trial opened in 2006. On Jan 4, 2007, a jury convicted Michael Goodwin on two counts of murder. On Mar 1, 2007, Goodwin was sentenced to 2 consecutive life terms in prison and continued to claim he was innocent of the murder.
(www.unsolved.com/UD0204-Thompson.html)(SFC, 1/5/07, p.B10)(SFC, 3/2/07, p.B12)
1988 Mar 16-1988 Mar 17, Iraqi jets dropped a variety of chemical weapons on the Kurdish town of Halabja and some 5-7,000 residents were killed immediately. The Kurdish city of Halabja, held by Iranian troops and Iraqi Kurdish guerrillas allied with Tehran, was bombed by Iraq. Estimates of casualties varied from several hundred to several thousand.
(SFC, 7/1/02, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halabja_poison_gas_attack)
1988 Mar 16, Three people were killed when Michael Stone, a pro British paramilitary member, armed with guns and grenades attacked an IRA graveside service in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Stone was also responsible for killing 3 Catholics in the mid 1980s. In 2000 Stone was released from prison as part of a peace accord.
(AP, 3/17/98)(SFC, 7/25/00, p.A12)
1988 Mar 17, Planeloads of U.S. soldiers arrived at Palmerola Air Base in Honduras in a show of strength ordered by President Reagan.
1988 Mar 17, Apple filed suit against Microsoft, alleging copyright infringement in the Windows GUI.
(Wired, 12/98, p.196)
1988 Mar 17, Ethiopia and Eritrea engaged at the Battle at Afabet. Fighting continued through March 20. It was a watershed battle in the Eritrean War of Independence. This was Mengistu Haile Mariam's first humiliating defeat at the hands of the Eritreans.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Afabet)(SSFC, 4/15/12, p.P3)
1988 Mar 18, In Alabama Elizabeth Dorleen Sennett (45), the wife of a preacher, died after she was brutally beaten and stabbed in a contract killing. A week after becoming a suspect in the case, the victim's husband, Charles Sennett, shot and killed himself in his son's backyard. Sennett had contracted Bill Gray Williams to kill his wife for $3,000. According to court documents, Williams paid Kenneth Eugene Smith and John Forrest Parker $1,000 each to commit the murder. Parker was convicted in 1989 and executed for the murder in 2010.
(http://tinyurl.com/2696ump)(SFC, 6/11/10, p.A6)
1988 Mar 18, The government of Panama, controlled by Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega, declared a "state of urgency" in a move apparently aimed at forcing the reopening of banks and other businesses that closed during Panama's economic and political crisis.
1988 Mar 19, Two British soldiers were shot to death after they were dragged from a car and beaten by mourners attending an Irish Republican Army funeral in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
1988 Mar 20, David Henry Hwang's "M. Butterfly" premiered in NYC.
1988 Mar 20, Eight-year-old DeAndra Anrig found herself airborne when the string of her kite was snagged by an airplane flying over Shoreline Park in Mountain View, Calif. Not seriously hurt, she was lifted 10 feet off the ground and carried 100 feet until she let go.
1988 Mar 22, Both houses of Congress overrode President Reagan's veto of a sweeping civil rights bill. The Civil Rights Restoration Act restored the jurisdiction over Title IX issues in athletic programs to the Office for Civil Rights.
(AP, 3/22/97)(SFEC, 5/23/99, p.A16)
1988 Mar 22, In Angola the battle of Cuito Cuanavale changed the region's political landscape, accelerating the independence of Namibia and the fall of apartheid in South Africa. While the Cuban and Angolan forces claimed victory, South Africa claimed it lost only 31 soldiers against 4,785 who fell on the other side.
1988 Mar 22, Iraqi jets dropped a variety of chemical weapons on the Kurdish town of Sewsenan, where militiamen had fled following attacks on Halabja.
(SFC, 8/21/06, p.A6)
1988 Mar 23, President Reagan announced he would visit the Soviet Union for the first time, from May 29 until June 2, for his fourth summit meeting with Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1988 Mar 24, Former national security aides Oliver L. North and John M. Poindexter and businessmen Richard V. Secord and Albert Hakim pleaded innocent to Iran-Contra charges. North and Poindexter were convicted, but had their convictions thrown out; Secord and Hakim received probation after each pleaded guilty to a single count under a plea bargain.
1988 Mar 25, In New York City's so-called "preppie murder case," Robert E. Chambers Jr. pleaded guilty to first-degree manslaughter in the death of 18-year-old Jennifer Levin. Chambers was convicted of the killing after what he described as a session of rough sex. Chambers received a sentence of five to 15 years in prison. He walked out of the Auburn Correctional Facility in Auburn, N.Y, Feb, 2003, after serving a full 15-year maximum sentence for the 1986 Central Park killing.
1988 Mar 25, Robert Joffrey (b.1930), founder of the Joffrey Ballet Company, died. In 1996 Sasha Anawalt wrote: "The Joffrey Ballet: Robert Joffrey and the Making of an American Dance Company."
(SFEC, 12/15/96, BR p.4)(www.answers.com/topic/joffrey-robert)
1988 Mar 26, Jesse Jackson stunned fellow Democrats by soundly defeating Michael S. Dukakis in Michigan's Democratic presidential caucuses.
1988 Mar 27, Jesse Jackson, rejoicing from an upset victory in Michigan's primary-style caucuses the day before, vowed that his Democratic presidential campaign would continue to "win and grow."
1988 Mar 28, Richard Gephardt ended his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination, following his third-place finish in the Michigan caucuses.
1988 Mar 29, Two top US Justice Department officials resigned over Attorney General Edwin Meese's legal problems.
1988 Mar 29, Sen. Bob Dole ended his presidential candidacy. Michael Dukakis won the Connecticut Democratic primary.
1988 Mar 29, US leaders of the Assemblies of God ordered the Rev. Jimmy Swaggart to stop preaching for at least a year because of "moral failure," following his reported relationship with a prostitute.
1988 Mar 30, US House Democratic and Republican leaders said that they had agreed in principle on a package of about $50 million to aid the Nicaraguan rebels.
1988 Mar 30, An attorney for the Rev. Jimmy Swaggart said the televangelist would return to the pulpit, defying national Assemblies of God church officials who had suspended him for at least a year for "moral failure."
1988 Mar 31, The novel "Beloved" by Toni Morrison was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for fiction, while the Charlotte (N.C) Observer won the prize for public service for its coverage of the Praise The Lord scandal.
1988 Mar, The first McDonald's behind the Iron Curtain opened in Belgrade.
(WSJ, 2/6/96, p.A-11)
1988 Mar, In Burma riot police shot to death 200 demonstrators as students began an uprising for democracy.
(SFEC, 1/19/96, Parade p.5)(SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)
1988 Mar, Israel found Mordechai Vanunu, former Israeli nuclear technician, guilty of divulging nuclear secrets. He was sentenced to 18 years in prison.
(SFC, 4/22/04, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/mysea)
1988 Mar-1988 Jun, In the Spring Soviet germ scientists transferred hundreds of tons of anthrax bacteria into canisters with bleach and sent them for storage to Vozrozhdeniye Island (Renaissance Island) in the Aral Sea, shared by Kazakstan and Uzbekistan. Western estimates had 100-200 tons buried at 5-8 feet. In 2002 Pentagon engineers dug up the site and neutralized the anthrax.
(SFC, 3/24/03, p.A5) (www.phaster.com/unpretentious/uzbekistan_anthrax.html)
1988 Apr 1, Independent US counsel James C. McKay found insufficient evidence to warrant a criminal indictment of Attorney General Edwin Meese III in connection with the Iraq-Jordan pipeline plan or his investment in telephone company stock.
1988 Apr 1, Jim Jordan (91), old-time radio's "Fibber McGee," died in Beverly Hills, Calif.
1988 Apr 2, Secretary of State George P. Shultz briefed Pope John Paul II on his Middle East peace proposals during a private audience at the Vatican.
1988 Apr 2, In Chile police Corp. Alfredo Rivera Rohas (35) was murdered by 3 youths while carrying home groceries in Santiago.
(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A19)
1988 Apr 3, Secretary of State George P. Shultz arrived in Israel to launch a fresh U.S. peace initiative, telling the Israelis that the Palestinians must be included in negotiations.
1988 Apr 4, The Arizona Senate convicted Gov. Evan Mecham of two charges of official misconduct, and removed him from office. Mecham was the first U.S. governor to be so censured in nearly six decades.
1988 Apr 5 Gov. Michael S. Dukakis won a solid victory in Wisconsin's Democratic presidential primary while, on the Republican side, Vice President George Bush overwhelmed his opposition.
1988 Apr 5, Honduran and US authorities captured Juan Ramon Matta-Ballesteros (b.1945). He was taken from Honduras by US marshals, triggering violent protests, the burning of a US Embassy office and the deaths of five people. In 2011 a court issued warrants for the arrest of 11 former officials accused of helping US authorities seize the drug trafficker.
1988 Apr 5 A 15-day hijacking ordeal began as gunmen forced a Kuwait Airways jumbo jet to land in Iran.
1988 Apr 5, Alf Kjellin, Swedish actor, director (Juggler), died.
1988 Apr 6, Black Arctic explorer Matthew Henson (1866-1955) was re-buried next to Robert Peary in Arlington, Va.
1988 Apr 6, Tirza Porat (15), was killed in a West Bank melee, becoming the first Israeli civilian to die in the occupied territories since the start of the Palestinian uprising. Although Arabs were initially blamed, the army concluded that a Jewish settler accidentally shot the girl.
1988 Apr 7, Albie Sachs (b.1935) was working in Mozambique on legal guarantees that would be part of the new South African Constitution when a car bomb exploded that left him without a right arm.
(SFEC, 2/9/97, Z1 p.7)(www.ucpress.edu/books/pages/8732.html)
1988 Apr 7, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev and Afghan leader Najibullah met in the Soviet Central Asian city of Tashkent. They later issued a joint statement announcing an end to the civil war in Afghanistan and withdrawal Soviet troops.
1988 Apr 8, The Rev. Jimmy Swaggart was defrocked as a minister of the Assemblies of God after he rejected an order from the church's national leaders to stop preaching for a year amid reports he'd consorted with a prostitute.
1988 Apr 8, Pres. Reagan issued Executive Order 12365 ordering the immediate blocking of all property and interests in property of the Government of Panama.
1988 Apr 10, The hijackers of a Kuwait Airways jetliner vowed to carry out a "slow, quiet massacre" of their hostages, one day after one captive was killed aboard the plane parked in Larnaca, Cyprus.
1988 Apr 11, "The Last Emperor" won best picture at the 60th annual Academy Awards ceremony; Cher won best actress for "Moonstruck," Michael Douglas best actor for "Wall Street."
1988 Apr 11, Hijackers of a Kuwait Airways jetliner killed a second hostage, dumping his body onto the ground in Larnaca, Cyprus.
1988 Apr 11, In Amsterdam the Royal Concert building (Concertgebouw) reopened.
1988 Apr 12, The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office issued a patent to Harvard University for a genetically engineered mouse, the first time a patent was granted for an animal life form.
1988 Apr 12, Sonny Bono elected mayor of Palm Springs, Calif.
1988 Apr 12, Alan Stewart Paton (b.1903), South African writer (Cry The Beloved Country), died. He founded and served as president of the Liberal Party (1953-68).
1988 Apr 13, A commandeered Kuwaiti jetliner took off from Cyprus for Algeria, after the pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim hijackers on board freed 12 hostages.
1988 Apr 13, In South Africa Aubrey Jabulani Ndaba, from the Pietermaritzburg area, and Oscar Maleka, from Soweto, were working for the armed wing of the African National Congress when they died in firefights with security forces. In 2005 they became first of 477 missing people to be recovered.
1988 Apr 14, The Japanese Red Army bombed a US military recreational club in Naples. 5 people were killed.
1988 Apr 14, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the United States and the Soviet Union signed agreements providing for the withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan and creation of a nonaligned Afghan state. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev announced the withdrawal of Soviet troops. The Soviets pulled out of Afghanistan after nine years of fighting. Afghan rebels rejected the pact and continued fighting.
(SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(WA, 1997,p.737)(TMC, 1994, p.1988)(AP, 4/14/98)
1988 Apr 15, Former White House spokesman Larry Speakes resigned from Merrill Lynch and Co. less than a week after disclosing that he had, on two occasions, fabricated quotations attributed to President Reagan.
1988 May 15, The Soviet Union began the process of withdrawing its troops from Afghanistan, more than eight years after Soviet forces had entered the country.
(AP, 5/15/98)(HN, 5/15/98)
1988 Apr 16, Abu Jihad, [Khalil al-Wazzir], PLO-leader, was murdered by Israeli assassins in Tunisia. They left the chief strategist of the Palestinian uprising with 170 bullets in his body. The Palestine Liberation Organization accused Israel of assassinating al-Wazir, a top PLO military figure. Palestinians reacted angrily, and at least 14 were shot and killed by Israeli troops during clashes in the occupied Gaza Strip and West Bank. In 2012 Israel admitted responsibility for the killing of Abu Jihad.
(AP, 4/16/98)(AP, 1/22/06)(AP, 11/1/12)
1988 Apr 16, In Forli, Italy, the Red Brigades-PCC killed Italian senator Roberto Ruffilli, an advisor of Italian PM Ciriaco de Mita. After that, the group activities all but ended after massive arrests of its leadership.
1988 Apr 17, Louise Nevelson, the Russian-born sculptor who became one of the world's best-known women artists, died in New York at the age of 88.
1988 Apr 17, The newly-restructured Iraqi Army began a major operation named "Ramadan Mubarak" aimed to clear the Iranians out of the peninsula. The Iranians were expelled from the peninsula within 35 hours, with much of their equipment captured intact.
1988 Apr 18, The United States destroyed two more Iraqi oil platforms, after a mine in the Persian Gulf injured 10 crewmen aboard a U.S. frigate. In 2003 a World Court in a 14-2 decision ruled the US was wrong but doesn't need to pay damages.
1988 Apr 18, San Francisco journalist Stanton Delaplane (80) died at his home on Telegraph Hill. The SF Chronicle Pulitzer Prize-winner was credited with introducing Irish Coffee to the city at the Buena Vista Cafe.
(SSFC, 4/14/13, p.46)
1988 Apr 18, An Israeli court convicted John Demjanjuk, a retired auto worker from Cleveland, of committing war crimes at the Treblinka death camp. Israel's Supreme Court later overturned Demjanjuk's conviction.
1988 Apr 19, Republican George Bush and Democrat Michael Dukakis handily won the New York presidential primaries.
1988 Apr 19, Sarah LaChapelle (56) was found murdered at her home in East Oakland. Gregory Tate (21) was arrested later that day in LaChapelle's stolen Oldsmobile Cutlass. He was convicted in 1992 for her murder and in 1993 was sentenced to death. He had cut off a finger to steal LaChapelle’s wedding and engagement rings. In 2010 the California Supreme Court upheld Tate’s sentence.
1988 Apr 20, The US Senate passed the Civil Liberties Act, a measure providing $20,000 payments to Japanese-Americans interned by the US government during World War II. Pres. Reagan signed it on Aug 10.
(AP, 8/10/97)(SSFC, 4/21/13, DB p.46)
1988 Apr 20, Gunmen who had hijacked a Kuwait Airways jumbo jet were allowed safe passage out of Algeria. An agreement also freed the remaining 31 hostages and ended a 15-day siege in which two passengers were slain.
1988 Apr 20, Hector Felix, a muckraking Mexican journalist, was murdered. He had dubbed Jorge Hank, owner of the Tijuana Agua Caliente Racetrack, as “the Abominable Snowman" for a reputed cocaine habit.
(SSFC, 8/5/07, p.A15)(www.elandar.com/back/fall99/gato.html)
1988 Apr 21, Tennessee Sen. Al Gore gave up his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination, assuring supporters that "there will be other days for me and for the causes that matter to us."
1988 Apr 22, Secretary of State George P. Shultz, visiting the Soviet Union, met with President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who reportedly criticized the Reagan administration for its "confrontational" approach to U.S.-Soviet relations.
1988 Apr 23, A federal ban on smoking during domestic airline flights of two hours or less went into effect.
(AP, 4/23/98)(WSJ, 1/27/04, p.D12)
1988 Apr 23, A drain valve was left open at the Shell Marsh in Martinez, Ca., and 10,000 barrels of oil (432,000 gallons) poured in the marsh adjoining Peyton Slough. Shell cleaned the mess and paid $20 million in penalties. The marsh was purchased with part of the funds and turned into a regional park.
(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A19-20)(SFC, 4/30/04, p.A17)
1988 Apr 23, Archbishop Michael Ramsey (b.1904), the one hundredth Archbishop of Canterbury (1961-1974), died. In 2009 amateur divers found valuable coins and medallions belonging to the former archbishop in the River Wear, near Durham Cathedral.
1988 Apr 23, Greek cycling champion Kanellos Kanellopoulos pedaled a self-powered aircraft named Daedalus 88 for 74 miles. The MIT Aeronautics and Astronautics Department's Daedalus was a human-powered aircraft flew from Iraklion Air Force Base on Crete, Greece, crashing in the sea just short of the island of Santorini in 3 hours, 54 minutes. Daedalus 87 had crashed on Rogers Dry Lakebed on 17 February 1988, and was rebuilt as a backup.
1988 Apr 24, Three sailors were killed and 22 injured when fire broke out aboard the submarine USS Bonefish off the Florida coast.
1988 Apr 25, "Nightline" went on location to Jerusalem, Israel.
1988 Apr 25, NASA launched space vehicle S-211.
1988 Apr 25, Lygia Clark (b.1920), Brazilian artist, died in Rio de Janeiro. She was often associated with the Brazilian Constructivist movements of the mid-20th century and the Tropicalia movement.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lygia_Clark)(Econ, 10/22/16, p.75)
1988 Apr 25, To the cheers of spectators, a judge in Jerusalem sentenced John Demjanjuk to death after the retired Ohio autoworker was convicted of being "Ivan the Terrible," a Nazi death camp guard who had killed tens of thousands of people. Demjanjuk's conviction was later overturned.
1988 Apr 26, Vice President George Bush locked up the Republican presidential nomination with an easy win in the Pennsylvania primary. Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis won the Democratic contest.
1988 Apr 27, The US Senate approved a sweeping trade bill, 63-36, falling short of the two-thirds vote needed to override a threatened veto by President Reagan.
1988 Apr 28, A flight attendant was killed and 61 persons injured when part of the roof of an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 peeled back during a flight from Hilo to Honolulu.
1988 Apr 29, Molloko, the 1st California condor chick conceived in captivity, was born in the San Diego Zoo.
1988 Apr 29, McDonald's announced it would open its first restaurants in Moscow.
1988 Apr 29, James McCracken (61), US tenor, died.
1988 Apr 29, In Pakistan Pres. Zia-ul Haq dismissed the government Mohammed Khan Junejo on charges of incompetence.
(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)
1988 Apr 30, World Exposition, Expo 88 opened in Brisbane, Australia.
1988 Apr 30, Gen. Manuel Noriega, waving a machete, vowed at a rally to keep fighting U.S. efforts to oust him as Panama's military ruler.
1988 Apr, Microsoft surpassed Lotus to become the number one computer software vendor.
(Wired, 12/98, p.196)
1988 Apr, In China Zhu Rongji (b.1928) was named Mayor of Shanghai.
(SFC, 3/18/98, p.A12)
1988 May 1, Newsweek magazine reported that, according to a memoir by former White House chief of staff Donald Regan (1918-2003), astrology had influenced the planning of President Reagan's schedule. Regan's memoir was titled "For the Record: From Wall Street to Washington."
(AP, 5/1/98)(WSJ, 6/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/12/03, p.A25)
1988 May 2, Jackson Pollock's "Search" sold for $4,800,000.
1988 May 2, Cincinnati Reds baseball manager Pete Rose was suspended for 30 days by National League president A. Bartlett Giamatti, two days after Rose shoved an umpire during a game won by the New York Mets, 6-5. Giamatti died a week later. In 1998 his musings on baseball were published as "A Great and Glorious Game," ed. by Kenneth S. Robson.
(AP, 5/2/98)(SFEC, 7/5/98, BR p.9)
1988 May 3, The White House acknowledged that first lady Nancy Reagan had used astrological advice to help schedule her husband's activities. The unflattering revelations surfaced in a yet-to-be published memoir by former chief of staff Donald Regan.
1988 May 3, Milton A. Caniff (b.1907), US cartoonist (Terry & the Pirates), died.
1988 May 4, As a year-long amnesty program for certain illegal aliens in the United States came to a close, thousands of applicants lined up nationwide on the last day.
1988 May 4, A spectacular explosion occurred at the Shell oil refinery in Norco, La., on the Mississippi river just north of New Orleans. 8 people were killed and over 40 injured.
1988 May 4, Three French hostages were released in Beirut by pro-Iranian kidnappers.
1988 May 5, The Rev. Eugene Antonio Marino became the nation's first black Roman Catholic archbishop during an installation Mass in the Atlanta Civic Center. He stepped down in July 1990 because of a two-year affair with Columbus resident Vicki Long.
1988 May 5, Michael Shaara (b.1928), author of the Civil War novel "Killer Angels," died of heart disease.
(SFEC, 6/21/98, p.D5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Shaara)
1988 May 7, Winning Colors won the 114th running of the Kentucky Derby, becoming the third filly to win the event.
1988 May 8, The 2nd American Comedy Award went to Robin Williams and Tracey Ullman. The event was broadcast on May 17.
1988 May 8, French President Francois Mitterrand was elected to a second seven-year term, defeating conservative challenger Jacques Chirac.
1988 May 8, Science fiction author Robert A. Heinlein died in Carmel, Calif., at age 80.
1988 May 9, Education Secretary William J. Bennett announced he would leave his position in mid-September.
1988 May 10, The Edgar Degas sculpture "Danseresie of 14" (Little Dancer at 14 years of Age) sold for $10,120,000. In 1996 it sold for nearly $12 million.
(http://tinyurl.com/lx277)(SFC, 11/13/96, p.A3)
1988 May 10, French President Francois Mitterrand named Socialist Michel Rocard to be premier following Mitterrand's decisive victory in France's presidential election.
1988 May 10, In Poland an eight-day strike by workers at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk ended without an agreement.
1988 May 11, Master spy Harold "Kim" Philby, the notorious "Third Man" of a British espionage ring, died in the Soviet Union at age 76. In 2014 Ben Macintyre authored “A Spy Among Friends: Kim Philby and the Great Betrayal" and Tim Milne authored “Kim Philby: The Unknown Story of the KGB’s Master Spy."
(AP, 5/11/98)(Econ, 4/19/14, p.76)
1988 May 11, Fans of Irving Berlin paid tribute on his 100th birthday with celebrations that included a gala at New York's Carnegie Hall.
1988 May 12, Secretary of State George P. Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze, meeting in Geneva, resolved nearly all remaining questions on an intermediate-range missile treaty.
1988 May 13, The U.S. Senate voted 83-6 to order the U.S. military to enter the war against illegal drug trafficking, approving a plan to give the Navy the power to stop drug boats on the high seas and make arrests.
1988 May 13, Chet Baker (b1929), jazz trumpet player, died in Amsterdam after "falling" from a hotel window. A documentary on his life: "Let’s Get Lost," produced and directed by Bruce Weber, was released in  1989. Baker played with Gerry Mulligan in a pianoless quartet that brought him fame as a leading member of the West Coast "cool school." Baker’s personal memoir "As Though I Had Wings" was written in the late 70s and published in 1997. In 2000 J. De Valk authored "Chet Baker: His Life and Music." In 2002 James Gavin authored the biography "Deep in a Dream."
(SFEM, 10/1/00, p.4)(WSJ, 5/16/02, p.D7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chet_Baker)
1988 May 14, Twenty-seven people, most of them teen-agers, were killed when their church bus collided with a pickup truck going the wrong way on a highway near Carrollton, Ky. The driver of the truck, Larry Mahoney, was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 16 years' imprisonment; he was released in September 1999.
1988 May 14, Peru’s military was involved in the massacre of at least 26 peasants in the Andean village of Cayara. A week later the military executed 3 more peasants, before systematically killing 8 witnesses. In 2005 a Peruvian judge ordered the arrest of 118 current and retired military officials for the slayings.
1988 May 15, The Soviet Union began the process of withdrawing its 115,000 troops from Afghanistan, more than eight years after Soviet forces had entered the country.
(AP, 5/15/98)(HN, 5/15/98)
1988 May 16, US Surgeon General C. Everett Koop released a report declaring nicotine was addictive in ways similar to heroin and cocaine.
1988 May 16, The US Supreme Court ruled that police can search discarded garbage without a search warrant.
1988 May 17, The US Commerce Department reported that a record level of export sales gave the US its lowest monthly trade deficit in three years in March 1988, totaling $9.7 billion.
1988 May 18, Daws Butler (b.1916), cartoon voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound), died.
1988 May 18, A cheering crowd in the Soviet town of Termez greeted the first Soviet soldiers as they withdrew from Afghanistan. Experts agree that at least 40,000-50,000 Soviets lost their lives in action, besides the wounded, suicides, and murders. Mujahideen continued to fight against Najibullah's regime. Some 130,000 Red Army troops fought in Afghanistan and 15,000 were lost.
(AP, 5/18/98)(www.afghan, 5/25/98)(SFC, 10/18/01, p.A3)
1988 May 19, Carlos Lehder Rivas, co-founder of Colombia's Medellin drug cartel, was convicted in Jacksonville, Fla., of smuggling more than 3 tons of cocaine into the US.
1988 May 20, 30-year-old Laurie Dann walked into a Winnetka, Ill., elementary school classroom, where she shot to death 8-year-old Nicholas Corwin and wounded several other children. After wounding a young man at his home, Dann took her own life.
1988 May 21, Risen Star won the Preakness Stakes.
1988 May 21, The Soviet news agency Tass reported that the Communist Party leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan had been dismissed after fresh outbreaks of ethnic tensions in the two southern Soviet republics.
1988 May 22, Janos Kadar, installed by the Soviet Union as head of Hungary's Communist Party in 1956, was replaced by Prime Minister Karoly Grosz.
1988 May 23, Less than a week before a scheduled superpower summit in Moscow, Secretary of State George Shultz went to Capitol Hill to ask for a prompt Senate vote to ratify the intermediate-range nuclear missile treaty.
1988 May 24, President Reagan vetoed legislation that would have strengthened the nation's ability to defend itself and its industries against trading practices of other nations that were deemed unfair.
1988 May 24, Vice President George Bush and Michael Dukakis won the Idaho presidential primaries.
1988 May 25, President Reagan left for a trip to the Soviet Union and a superpower summit with Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1988 May 26, The National Hockey League's Edmonton Oilers completed a four-game sweep of the Boston Bruins to capture their fourth Stanley Cup in five seasons.
1988 May 26, In San Francisco Lu Hurley’s $20 helicopter rides were grounded at Pier 43.
(SSFC, 5/26/13, DB p.42)
1988 May 26, The New England Journal of Medicine reported that the 1st NYC cases of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever struck 4 people in the Bronx between May and July of 1987.
1988 May 27, Two days before the start of the Moscow summit, the US Senate voted 93-5 to ratify a treaty eliminating medium-range nuclear missiles.
1988 May 28, Melvin J. Oliver (b.1910), US jazz composer (Sy Oliver), orchestra leader, died in NYC.
1988 May 28, On the eve of the Moscow summit, Soviet television aired a 34-minute interview with President Reagan in which he pledged to make human rights "agenda item number one."
1988 May 29, President Reagan began his first visit to the Soviet Union as he arrived in Moscow for a superpower summit with Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1988 May 29, Pakistan Pres. Zia ul-Haq fired government and disbanded the parliament.
1988 May 30, On the second day of the Moscow summit, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev, giving a toast at a state dinner, called for closer contacts with Americans, adding, "This should be done without interfering in domestic affairs, without sermonizing or imposing one's views and ways."
1988 May 31, On the third day of the Moscow superpower summit, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev said maybe it was "time to bang our fists on the table" to complete work on a strategic arms treaty. President Reagan responded: "I'll do anything that works." Reagan received a standing ovation from students at Moscow Univ. following a short speech with questions and answers.
(AP, 5/31/98)(HN, 5/31/99)(WSJ, 6/18/04, p.A11)
1988 May, Fires ignited in Yellowstone Nat’l. Park by lightning. The fires expanded to become the largest single fire in the US since the Peshtigo inferno of 1873. The fires lasted to Sep.
(HFA, '96, p.71)(SFC, 6/22/98, p.A4)
1988 May, In Malaysia construction of the North-South Expressway was begun.
(Hem., 1/96, p.97)
1988 Jun 1, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev concluded their Moscow summit by exchanging documents of ratification of the intermediate-range nuclear arms treaty they'd signed the previous December.
1988 Jun 2, The publishers of Consumer Reports magazine called for a ban on the Suzuki Samurai, a popular sport utility vehicle that the magazine said tended to roll over in sudden turns; American Suzuki Motor Corporation defended the vehicle as safe.
1988 Jun 2, San Francisco’s St. Ignatius College Preparatory School announced plans to accept young women beginning in the Fall of 1999.
(SSFC, 6/2/13, DB p.46)
1988 Jun 2, Horace A. Hildreth (b.1901), former governor of Maine (1945-49), died.
1988 Jun 3, President Reagan returned home from the superpower summit in Moscow after a stopover in London.
1988 Jun 3, Amber Swartz-Garcia (7) was abducted from her home in Pinole, Ca. In 2009 police identified cab driver Curtis Dean Anderson (d.2007), the 1999 killer of Xiana Fairchild(7), as the person who abducted Amber Swartz-Garcia, drove her to Arizona and killed her. Amber’s body was never found.
(SFC, 1/29/99, p.A18)(SFEC, 4/2/00, p.B2)(SFC, 7/7/09, p.A1,7)
1988 Jun 4, US Secretary of State George Shultz flew to Jordan, where he met with King Hussein. Afterward, Shultz said the Jordanian monarch was reluctant to engage in peace talks with Israel unless Israel agreed to give up land on the West Bank.
1988 Jun 5, In the 42nd Tony Awards Madame Butterfly won for best play and Phantom of the Opera won for best musical.
1988 Jun 5, Clarence Pendleton (57), chairman of the US Civil Rights Commission, died.
1988 Jun 6, Morton Thiokol Inc., which built the booster rocket involved in the Challenger explosion in 1986, announced it would not bid to build the next generation of rocket motors for the nation's manned space shuttles.
1988 Jun 6, In NYC 2 large snapping turtles were found in a Bronx sewage plant.
1988 Jun 7, Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis clinched the Democratic presidential nomination by defeating the Rev. Jesse Jackson in the New Jersey, California, Montana and New Mexico primaries.
1988 Jun 8, The judge in the Iran-Contra conspiracy case ruled that Oliver North, John Poindexter, Richard Secord and Albert Hakim had to be tried separately.
1988 Jun 8, Nippon Airways announced that painting eyeballs on Jets cut bird collisions by 20%.
1988 Jun 9, The US House ethics committee met in closed session to discuss whether to formally investigate charges that Speaker Jim Wright's financial dealings may have violated House rules.
1988 Jun 9, Cyril Magnin (88), San Francisco’s “merchant prince," died of cardiac failure.
(SSFC, 6/9/13, DB p.46)
1988 Jun 10, The US House ethics committee announced it had voted unanimously to conduct a preliminary inquiry into allegations concerning the conduct of Speaker Jim Wright.
1988 Jun 10, Author Louis L'Amour died in Los Angeles at age 80. He wrote 116 western novels. L’Amour trained troops in survival and later fought in the European theater in tank destroyers. His early life was filled with the same type of adventures that he wrote about. Due to economic problems and an adventuresome spirit, L’Amour left his Jamestown, N.D., home when he was 15 and spent the next several decades tramping the West and sailing the world. He worked at just about everything that would keep him alive. His writings was just beginning to be published when the war started.
(AP, 6/10/98)(USAT, 6/10/98, p.1D)(HNQ, 7/15/01)
1988 Jun 11, Preakness winner Risen Star captured the Belmont Stakes with a time second only to its father, thoroughbred legend Secretariat.
1988 Jun 11, Nathan Cook (b.1950), TV actor (Hotel), died of an allergic reaction.
1988 Jun 11, Nelson Mandela spoke at Wembley Stadium, London, for the Freedomfest.
1988 Jun 11, Giuseppe Saragat (89), president of Italy (1964-71), died.
1988 Jun 12, In runoff elections in France, President Francois Mitterrand's Socialist Party fell short of a majority in the National Assembly. But a right-wing coalition also failed to retain its legislative control.
1988 Jun 13, A US federal jury found cigarette manufacturer Liggett Group liable in the lung-cancer death of New Jersey resident Rose Cipollone, but innocent of misrepresenting the risks of smoking. An appeals court later overturned the jury's award of $400,000 and ordered a new trial; the family dropped the lawsuit in 1992.
1988 Jun 14, Howard Baker made the surprise announcement that he would resign as President Reagan's White House chief of staff on July 1 because of "personal circumstances."
1988 Jun 15, PanAmSat under Rene Anselmo (d.1995) launched its 1st satellite using $60 mil from Anselmo’s sale of Spanish Int’l. Network. He built PanAmSat into the largest private satellite company. It was sold to Hughes Electronics in 1996.
(SFC, 9/20/96, p.E2)(http://tinyurl.com/7rp9z)
1988 Jun 15, Hong Kong announced a clampdown on "boat people," saying newly arriving Vietnamese refugees would be incarcerated and returned to Vietnam if they could not prove that they had fled religious or political persecution.
1988 Jun 16, Impeached and ousted Arizona Gov. Evan Mecham and his brother, Willard, were found innocent by a Phoenix jury of concealing a $350,000 campaign loan.
1988 Jun 17, Leaders of the world's seven biggest industrial democracies began arriving in Toronto for their annual economic summit, with the host, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, forecasting progress on dismantling farm subsidies and alleviating Third World debt.
1988 Jun 18, Vice President George Bush launched a sharp attack against Democratic presidential candidate Michael Dukakis, accusing the Massachusetts governor of coddling criminals by allowing some convicts out of prison on weekend furloughs.
1988 Jun 18, Turkey’s PM Turgut Ozal survived an attempted assassination. He had worked to eliminate the black market in cigarettes and suspected the cigarette smuggling mafia.
(WSJ, 2/11/99, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turgut_%C3%96zal)
1988 Jun 19, Leaders of the world's seven wealthiest industrial democracies opened a three-day economic summit in Toronto.
1988 Jun 19, Michael Jackson led a rock concert in West Berlin.
1988 Jun 20, The US Supreme Court unanimously upheld a New York City law making it illegal for private clubs to generally exclude women and minorities.
1988 Jun 21, The Roger Rabbit cartoon character debuted in the film "Who Framed Roger Rabbit?"
1988 Jun 21, The Los Angeles Lakers repeated as NBA champions as they beat the Detroit Pistons, 108-105.
1988 Jun 21, Leaders of the world's seven richest nations concluded their three-day summit in Toronto.
1988 Jun 22, Singer Dennis Day, Jack Benny's sidekick, died at age 71.
1988 Jun 22, Gay rights activist Leonard Matlovich, discharged from the U.S. Air Force because of his homosexuality, died at age 44.
1988 Jun 23, NASA climatologist James Hansen brought the greenhouse effect to the attention of the American public when he told Congress that worldwide temperature increases were probably a sign of human alteration of the atmosphere.
(SFC,12/12/97, p.A13)(SFC, 6/23/08, p.A3)
1988 Jun 23, The Yellowstone Fire began and by Sep 11 burned some 1.6 million acres in Idaho and Montana.
(SFC, 10/30/03, p.A15)
1988 Jun 23, Pope John Paul II began his second papal visit to Austria, where he met with President Kurt Waldheim, despite controversy over Waldheim's alleged involvement in Nazi war crimes.
1988 Jun 24, Pope John Paul II, on a visit to Austria, condemned Nazism during a stopover at the Mauthausen death camp.
1988 Jun 25, American-born Mildred Gillars, better known during World War II as "Axis Sally" for her Nazi propaganda broadcasts, died in Columbus, Ohio, at age 87. (Gillars had served 12 years in prison for treason.)
1988 Jun 26, Three people were killed when a new Airbus A-320 jetliner carrying more than 130 people crashed into a forest during an air show demonstration flight in Mulhouse, France.
1988 Jun 26, The Matignon Agreements were agreements signed in the Hôtel Matignon by Jean-Marie Tjibaou and Jacques Lafleur between loyalists who wanted to keep New Caledonia as a part of the French Fifth Republic, and separatists, who did not. The agreements were arranged under the aegis of the Government of France as a result of discussions and compromises arranged by Christian Blanc, the negotiator for Michel Rocard's government.
1988 Jun 27, Mike Tyson retained the undisputed heavyweight crown as he knocked out Michael Spinks 91 seconds into the first round of a championship fight in Atlantic City, N.J.
1988 Jun 27, Fifty-seven people were killed in a train collision in Paris.
1988 Jun 28, The US federal government sued the International Brotherhood of Teamsters to force reforms on the nation's largest labor union. The two sides reached a settlement in March, 1989.
1988 Jun 29, The US Supreme Court, in Morrison v. Olson, upheld the power of independent counsels in a 7-1 decision to prosecute illegal acts by high-ranking government officials, ruling the 1978 special prosecutor law did not violate the Constitution.
(AP, 6/29/99)(AP, 6/29/08)
1988 Jun 30, Renegade Roman Catholic Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre consecrated four bishops in defiance of papal authority; the Vatican announced the excommunication of all five.
1988 Jun 30, There was a surprising display of "glasnost" during a Soviet Communist Party conference as delegate Vladimir I. Melnikov bluntly criticized President Andrei A. Gromyko and other longtime Kremlin figures.
1988 Jul 1, A four-day national conference of Soviet Communist Party members ended in Moscow, with Mikhail S. Gorbachev winning approval for sweeping changes.
1988 Jul 3, The US Navy USS Vincennes shot down an Iranian Airbus A-300 in the Persian Gulf from the cruiser ship Vincennes shortly after it took off from Bandar Abbas for Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. All 290 people aboard were killed after the crew of the Vincennes misidentified the plane as an Iranian F-14 fighter. In 1996 the US paid $131.8 million in compensation of which half would go directly to the families of the people killed. Iran filed suit in World Court in 1989 and settled out of court in Feb, 1996.
(WSJ, 2/23/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 4/26/96, p.A-14)(AP 7/3/97)(AP, 7/03/10)
1988 Jul 5, US Attorney General Edwin Meese III announced he would resign, saying he had been vindicated by an independent prosecutor's 14-month probe into his official conduct.
1988 Jul 6, Medical waste and other debris began washing up on seashores near New York City, forcing the closing of several popular beaches.
1988 Jul 6, In Mexican elections the PRI declared itself the early winner without an official vote count. The true results of the election were never made public. Gortari, candidate for the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party, was losing badly to opposition candidate Cuauhtemoc Cardenas.
1988 Jul 6, A series of explosions and fires destroyed the Piper Alpha North Sea oil drilling platform. 167 North Sea oil workers were killed.
(AP, 7/6/98)(SFC, 8/9/04, p.B6)
1988 Jul 7, Russia’s PHOBOS 1 Mars Orbiter and lander was launched. Contact was lost on September 2, 1988.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)(www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/mars/space_missions.html)
1988 Jul 7, The European Parliament adopted a resolution condemning brutalities against Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh.
1988 Jul 7, The candidate of Mexico's ruling party, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, claimed a "national victory" one day after presidential elections that opponents charged were riddled by fraud.
1988 Jul 8, Iran's parliamentary speaker, Hashemi Rafsanjani, said his nation would not seek revenge against the United States for shooting down an Iranian jetliner over the Persian Gulf, killing 290 people.
1988 Jul 9, Jackie Presser (61), general president of the Teamsters Union, died in Lakewood, Ohio. His story is included in the book: "Devil’s Pact, Inside the World of the Teamsters Union" by F.C. Duke Zeller.
(AP, 7/9/98)(SFEC, 1/5/97, BR p.6)
1988 Jul 9, Dog trainer Barbara Woodhouse died in Buckinghamshire, England, at age 78.
1988 Jul 10, Lester Garnier (30), an off-duty SF vice cop, was shot and killed in a Walnut Creek, Ca., parking lot. His murder remained unsolved and a new investigation was begun in 1998. Sgt. Robert Guinan allegedly spread rumors that Inspector Vince Repetto was responsible. Repetto sued the police dept. In 2008 Walnut creek police identified Catherine Kuntz (44) of Florida as a prime suspect in the murder. Kuntz was deported to Scotland in Dec 2008.
(SFC, 5/21/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A17)(SFC, 6/4/08, p.A1)(SFC, 2/2/09, p.A11)
1988 Jul 10, Opposition party activists in Mexico blocked a bridge linking their country to the United States, charging that Mexico's recent presidential election was marked by widespread fraud.
1988 Jul 11, Nine people were killed when three Abu Nidal terrorists attacked hundreds of tourists aboard a Greek cruise ship, the City of Poros, which was steaming toward a marina in suburban Athens.
1988 Jul 12, The American League beat the National League 2-1 in the All-Star game played in Cincinnati.
1988 Jul 12, Democratic presidential candidate Michael S. Dukakis tapped Texas Sen. Lloyd Bentsen as his running mate.
1988 Jul 12, Russia’s PHOBOS 2 Flyby and lander was launched. It failed within 480 miles of Mar’s moon Phobos.
(SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)(www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/mars/space_missions.html)
1988 Jul 13, Final results of Mexico's recent presidential election were released, giving the victory to the candidate of the governing party, Carlos Salinas de Gortari. Opponents called election "stolen."
1988 Jul 14, Speaking before the U.N. Security Council, Iran's foreign minister, Ali-Akbar Velayati, denounced the U.S. downing of an Iranian jetliner as "a barbaric massacre." Vice President Bush replied that the U.S.S. Vincennes had fired in self-defense.
1988 Jul 14, The Soviet press agency Tass reported that Azerbaijan has rejected an attempt by Nagorno-Karabakh, a predominantly Armenian enclave, to secede and join Armenia. Some 200,000 demonstrated in Soviet Armenia for the incorporation of Nagorno-Karabakh.
1988 Jul 15, The leadership of the Teamsters Union chose William J. McCarthy to fill out the remaining term of the late Jackie Presser as president, narrowly rejecting Secretary-Treasurer Weldon Mathis, Presser's hand-picked successor.
1988 Jul 16, The Rev. Jesse Jackson arrived in Atlanta for the Democratic national convention, telling cheering supporters he was seeking "shared responsibility" with nominee-apparent Michael Dukakis.
1988 Jul 17, Michael Dukakis arrived in Atlanta to claim the Democratic nomination for president, saying, "We're working hard to make sure we have a good convention, a strong and united party."
1988 Jul 18, Texas Treasurer Ann Richards delivered the keynote address at the Democratic national convention in Atlanta, needling Republican nominee-apparent George Bush as having been "born with a silver foot in his mouth."
1988 Jul 18, Abu Nidal terrorists killed 9 on the City of Poros cruise ship.
1988 Jul 19, Jesse Jackson brought his 1988 presidential campaign to an emotionally charged close at the Democratic National Convention in Atlanta, telling party faithful to unite because "the only time we win is when we come together."
1988 Jul 20, Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis received the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in Atlanta.
1988 Jul 20, Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini accepted a truce with Iraq, even though he said the decision was like drinking poison.
1988 Jul 21, Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis accepted the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in Atlanta, declaring, "this election isn't about ideology; it's about competence."
1988 Jul 21, Canada’s Multiculturalism Act of 1988 replaced a previous policy of assimilation with one of acceptance of diversity.
(Econ, 11/18/06, p.39)(www.pch.gc.ca/progs/multi/policy/act_e.cfm)
1988 Jul 22, Iran and Iraq said they would send their foreign ministers to New York to meet with U.N. Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar, after Iran said it would accept a U.N. cease-fire resolution.
1988 Jul 23, In his weekly radio address, President Reagan responded to the just-completed Democratic national convention by accusing Democrats of "singing the same sad song they sang four years ago."
1988 Jul 23, Iran accused Iraq of pushing deep into Iranian territory and using chemical weapons. The March 16 Iraqi chemical attack at Halabja killed thousands and in 1999 was still causing genetic damage and deaths.
(AP, 7/23/97)(USAT, 3/24/99, p.18A)
1988 Jul 24, On the campaign trail, Republican George Bush heard chants of "ERA," a reference to the proposed Equal Rights Amendment, from members of a professional women's group in Albuquerque, N.M. Democratic nominee Michael Dukakis was heckled by anti-abortion protesters in St. Louis.
1988 Jul 25, A judge in New York ordered the feuding San Diego Yacht Club and a New Zealand challenger to settle the battle for the America's Cup with a September race. The Americans used a two-hulled catamaran to easily defeat the New Zealanders' monohull, setting off a legal dispute that ended two years later in victory for the American team.
1988 Jul 26, U.N. Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar met twice with Iran's foreign minister in the first formal talks about a cease-fire for the eight-year war between Iran and Iraq.
1988 Jul 27, U.N. Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar held separate peace talks with the foreign ministers of Iraq and Iran on a cease-fire in the eight-year-old Persian Gulf war.
1988 Jul 28, Both houses of Congress overwhelmingly approved some $6 billion in aid for drought-stricken farmers. The US drought shrank the corn harvest by 31%.
(AP, 7/28/98)(WSJ, 8/4/05, p.A1)
1988 Jul 28, The Pentagon said that its precautions were enough to protect against accidents even though a safety review said that research into chemical and biological weapons could be dangerous to surrounding communities.
1988 Jul 28, Jordan cancelled a $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank.
1988 Jul 29, FDIC bailed out 1st Republic Bank, Dallas, with $4 billion.
1988 Jul 29, NASA officials delayed a critical test-firing of the space shuttle Discovery's main engines another three days. The test on Aug. 10 was judged a success.
1988 Jul 30, Jordan's King Hussein dissolved his country's lower house of Parliament, half of whose 60 members were from the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Hussein renounced sovereignty over the West Bank to the PLO.
1988 Jul 31, The last US Playboy Club closed in Lansing, Mich.
1988 Jul 31, In a televised speech, Jordan's King Hussein called for an independent Palestinian state in the Israeli-occupied territories as he told the Palestinians to take affairs into their own hands. Hussein renounced claims to the West Bank, paving the way for new elections and reforms.
(HN, 7/31/98)(AP, 1/23/13)
1988 Jul, Captain Clay Lacy took off on a round the world flight from Boeing Field, Seattle, in a Boeing 747SP and returned in 36 hours, 54 min., and 15 sec.
(Hem., 2/96, p.44)
1988 Jul, Petr Taborsky, a Czech citizen, discovered that Clinoptilolite, a clay substance, will absorb ammonium when heated past 850 degrees as a student at the Univ. of South Florida. He later received a federal patent for his work, but was also charged by the Univ. of South Florida for theft and later violation of probation for using his disputed notebooks. He refused to sign over his patent to the school and was sentenced to 3 1/2 years in state prison.
(SFC, 6/22/96, p.A9)
1988 Jul, The apartheid regime in South Africa, having entered into discussions with the ANC, agreed to elections in Namibia in exchange for the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola.
1988 Aug 1, Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh began broadcasting his nationally syndicated radio program.
1988 Aug 1, Iran said it would honor an immediate cease-fire in its eight-year-old war with Iraq.
1988 Aug 2, Despite threats of a veto, President Reagan promised reluctantly to allow a plant-closing notification bill to become law, accusing Democrats of "political shenanigans."
1988 Aug 2, Joe Carcione (b.1914), US produce expert known on radio, TV and newspapers as the Green Grocer, died in Burlingame, Ca.
(SSFC, 7/28/13, DB p.46)
1988 Aug 2, Raymond Carver (b.1938), American poet, short story writer (Furious Season), died. His books included “What We Talk About When We Talk About Love" (1981). In 2009 Carol Sklenicka authored “Raymond Carver: A Writer’s Life."
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_Carver)(SSFC, 11/22/09, Books p.F1)
1988 Aug 3, The Soviet Union released Mathias Rust, the West German who landed a small plane in Moscow's Red Square in May 1987.
1988 Aug 4, Hertz car rental agreed to pay out $23 million in a consumer fraud case.
1988 Aug 5, Treasury Secretary James A. Baker III announced he was resigning to take over the presidential election campaign of Vice President George Bush. Nicholas F. Brady was nominated to take Baker's place at Treasury.
1988 Aug 6, As many as 400 drowned in India when a ferry capsized in the Ganges River.
1988 Aug 6, Iraq's president said his country would agree to a cease-fire with Iran, provided the Iranians promised to hold direct talks immediately after the truce took effect.
1988 Aug 7, The Writers Guild of America ended their 6 months strike.
1988 Aug 7, Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Velayati signaled his government's acceptance of Iraq's modified peace proposal aimed at bringing about a cease-fire in the Persian Gulf.
1988 Aug 8, A renovated NYC Central Park Zoo reopened after 4 years.
1988 Aug 8, Sec. of State Shultz narrowly escaped an assassination attempt in Bolivia.
1988 Aug 8, U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar announced a cease-fire between Iran and Iraq. This became an Iraqi national holiday until it was abolished in 2003.
(SFC, 2/24/9, p.A9)(AP, 8/8/98)(AP, 7/13/03)
1988 Aug 8-1988 Aug 13, Police in Burma (Myanmar) killed nearly 3,000 protesters in the streets of Rangoon. The massive nationwide strikes became known as “8888."
(SFEC, 1/19/96, Par. p.5)(SFEC, 10/22/00, p.T8)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.38)
1988 Aug 9, President Reagan nominated Lauro Cavazos to be secretary of education; Cavazos became the first Hispanic to serve in the Cabinet.
1988 Aug 9, Hockey star Wayne Gretzky of the Edmonton Oilers was traded to the Los Angeles Kings.
1988 Aug 10, President Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act, a measure providing $20,000 payments to Japanese-Americans interned by the U.S. government during World War II.
(AP, 8/10/97)(SFEC, 8/9/98, p.A1)
1988 Aug 10, Adela Rogers St. John (b.1894), journalist (Free Soul, Honeycomb), died.
1988 Aug 11, The U.S. Senate confirmed Dick Thornburgh to succeed Edwin Meese III as attorney general, by a vote of 85-0.
1988 Aug 11, Jean-Pierre Ponnelle (b.1932), French opera director (Figaro, Barber of Seville, numerous operas in Europe, Bayreuth, Met Opera), died in Munich, Germany.
1988 Aug 12, The controversial movie "The Last Temptation of Christ," directed by Martin Scorsese, opened in nine cities despite objections by some Christians who felt the film was sacrilegious.
1988 Aug 12, Richard Thornburgh became US Attorney General.
1988 Aug 12, Michel Basquiat (b.1960), NY artist of Haitian descent, died of a drug overdose at age 27. His work included "Academic Study of Male Figure" (1983) and "Boy and Dog in a Johhnypump." In 1996 Julian Schnabel made a film documentary titled "Basquiat." In 1998 Phoebe Hoban published "Basquiat: A Quick Killing in Art."
(SFC, 8/17/96, p.E1)(SFC, 8/16/96, p.D3)(SFEC, 7/26/98, BR p.4)
1988 Aug 12, Sein Lwin resigned from the presidency of Burma. He was succeeded by a civilian, Maung Maung, who in turn was ousted by the military after just a month in office.
1988 Aug 13, Vice President George Bush contemplated a list of potential running mates as Republicans gathered in New Orleans for their party's national convention.
1988 Aug 14, Pres. Reagan arrived in New Orleans on the eve of the Republican national convention that would nominate VP George Bush, to be its choice to succeed him.
1988 Aug 14, Enzo Ferrari (b.1898), Italian sportscar manufacturer (Ferrari), died.
1988 Aug 15, President Reagan bade a sentimental farewell on the first night of the Republican national convention in New Orleans, and praised the man destined to succeed him, Vice President George Bush.
1988 Aug 16, VP George Bush tapped Indiana Sen. Dan Quayle to be his running mate.
1988 Aug 17, Vice President George Bush was nominated for president at the Republican National Convention in New Orleans.
1988 Aug 17, The US FDA approved Minoxidil as a hair loss treatment.
1988 Aug 17, Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. (Rep-D-NY, 1949-55), died on his 74th birthday in Poughkeepsie, NY.
1988 Aug 17, Pakistani President Mohammad Zia ul-Haq (63) and US Ambassador Arnold Raphel were killed in a mysterious plane crash. Zia, president from 1977-1988, was responsible for the 1977 overthrow and 1979 death of Premier Bhutto. Zia did much to turn Pakistan towards Islamic fundamentalism. Bhutto’s daughter, Benazir Bhutto, became prime minister in November.
(WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-1)(AP, 8/17/98)(Econ, 6/14/08, p.103)
1988 Aug 18, Indiana Sen. Dan Quayle was nominated to be George Bush's running mate during the Republican convention in New Orleans; meanwhile, questions were being raised about Quayle's service in the Indiana National Guard during the Vietnam War.
1988 Aug 18, Frederick Ashton (b.1904), Ecuador-born dancer and choreographer, died in Suffolk, England. In 1997 Julie Kavanaugh published "Secret Muses: The Life of Frederic Ashton."
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Ashton)(WSJ, 5/15/97, p.A21)
1988 Aug 18, Hamas published a manifesto calling for a holy war to create an Islamic state from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea, including Israel. It challenged the PLO's claim as the sole representative of the Palestinian people. The Hamas founding charter declared that all Palestine is Islamic trust land, can never be surrendered to non-Muslims and is an integral part of Muslim world.
(SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)(www.mideastweb.org/hamashistory.htm)
1988 Aug 19, During a news conference in his hometown of Huntington, Ind., Republican vice-presidential nominee Dan Quayle defended his service in the National Guard during the Vietnam War.
1988 Aug 20, Eight British soldiers were killed by an Irish Republican Army land mine that destroyed a military bus near Omagh, County Tyrone, in Northern Ireland.
1988 Aug 20, A cease fire between Iran and Iraq took effect after 8 years of war.
1988 Aug 21, More than 1,000 people were killed in an earthquake on the Nepal-India border.
1988 Aug 22, Speaking to the Veterans of Foreign Wars in Chicago, Vice President George Bush defended the Vietnam-era National Guard service of running mate Dan Quayle, saying, "He did not go to Canada, he did not burn his draft card and he damn sure didn't burn the American flag."
1988 Aug 23, Some striking workers in Poland ended a walkout that had begun a week earlier, but 125 miners barricaded themselves in an underground shaft, vowing to stay until they'd won their demands.
1988 Aug 24, Democratic presidential nominee Michael Dukakis picked up the endorsement of the AFL-CIO while Republican nominee George Bush campaigned in California with President Reagan.
1988 Aug 24, Leonard Frey (b.1938), American actor, died of AIDS. His film roles included “Boys in the Band" (1970) and “Fiddler on the Roof" (1971).
1988 Aug 24, Max Shulman (b.1919), author (Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap), died.
1988 Aug 25, In his sharpest attack yet on the Reagan administration's drug policies, Democratic presidential nominee Michael Dukakis criticized U.S. dealings with Panama's military leader, Gen. Manuel Noriega, as "criminal."
1988 Aug 25, Challenger Center opened its classroom doors in Houston.
1988 Aug 25, NASA launched space vehicle S-214.
1988 Aug 25, Iran and Iraq began talks to end their 8 year war.
1988 Aug 25, A major fire destroyed the historic center of Lisbon, Portugal.
1988 Aug 26, Republican presidential nominee George Bush denounced Democrat Michael Dukakis' criticism of Reagan administration drug policies as "an insult," one day after the Massachusetts governor called U.S. dealings with Panamanian General Manuel Noriega "criminal."
1988 Aug 27, Tens of thousands of civil rights marchers gathered in Washington, D.C., on the eve of the 25th anniversary of Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech.
1988 Aug 28, At least 40 people were killed when three Italian stunt planes collided during an air show at the US Air Base in Ramstein, West Germany, sending flaming debris into the crowd of spectators. Over the next 2 months the death toll rose to 69.
1988 Aug 28, The Yan Hee Polyclinic in Bangkok, Thailand, reported on a new slimming technique. Overweight Thais w