you know, you can even get energy from sound as long as you, "Make It Loud",, and there are a few ways to achieve this, like resonating a Piezoelectric crystal, Crystals, such as quartz, can be tapped for electricity using a piezoelectric (mechanical energy discharge) method. By securing the crystal and subjecting it to direct force with a permanent magnet, a detectable amount of electricity is released. This technology is used in cigarette lighters and gas grill ignition buttons; the unit requires no battery cell to operate. Continuously rapping on the crystal will produce usable electrical current. Making a small crystal electrical generator will take the average backyard inventor about a half-hour. Cut the insulated wire into two parts using the blade section of the wire stripper. Strip all four ends of the two wires, exposing about a half-inch of copper filament on each end. Twist the ends of the wires into tight coils if using a multiple-filament wire. Solder each wire to the back of a separate electrode. The electrode should have an adhesive backing that will allow it to attach to objects. If no electrodes are being used, simply drop a large glob of solder onto one end of each wire, about half the size of a dime. Attach one electrode to the quartz crystal by pressing the adhesive backing onto a flat section. Without electrodes, press the glob of solder against the crystal and secure with a couple drops of glue. Without glue or electrodes, strip the wire down to an exposed length that is long enough to wrap around the crystal tightly. Attach the other electrode to the permanent magnet, using the same methods used to attach to the crystal. Attach the two remaining wire ends to the voltmeter's electrodes (polarity is not important). Set the voltmeter for a low power setting (~1v). Strike the crystal with the magnet, but not hard enough to cause damage. The voltmeter will show a spike when the crystal is hit with the magnet. By striking the two together repetitively, a current can be generated and stored.
sound is a Mechanical Wave
Sound as a Longitudinal Wave
Sound is a Pressure Wave
Sound and music are parts of our everyday sensory experience. Just as humans have eyes for the detection of light and color, so we are equipped with ears for the detection of sound. We seldom take the time to ponder the characteristics and behaviors of sound and the mechanisms by which sounds are produced, propagated, and detected. The basis for an understanding of sound, music and hearing is the physics of waves. Sound is a wave that is created by vibrating objects and propagated through a medium from one location to another. In this unit, we will investigate the nature, properties and behaviors of sound waves and apply basic wave principles towards an understanding of music.
As discussed in the previous unit of The Physics Classroom Tutorial, a wave can be described as a disturbance that travels through a medium, transporting energy from one location to another location. The medium is simply the material through which the disturbance is moving; it can be thought of as a series of interacting particles. The example of a slinky wave is often used to illustrate the nature of a wave. A disturbance is typically created within the slinky by the back and forth movement of the first coil of the slinky. The first coil becomes disturbed and begins to push or pull on the second coil. This push or pull on the second coil will displace the second coil from its equilibrium position. As the second coil becomes displaced, it begins to push or pull on the third coil; the push or pull on the third coil displaces it from its equilibrium position. As the third coil becomes displaced, it begins to push or pull on the fourth coil. This process continues in consecutive fashion, with each individual particle acting to displace the adjacent particle. Subsequently the disturbance travels through the slinky. As the disturbance moves from coil to coil, the energy that was originally introduced into the first coil is transported along the medium from one location to another, A sound wave is similar in nature to a slinky wave for a variety of reasons. First, there is a medium that carries the disturbance from one location to another. Typically, this medium is air, though it could be any material such as water or steel. The medium is simply a series of interconnected and interacting particles. Second, there is an original source of the wave, some vibrating object capable of disturbing the first particle of the medium. The disturbance could be created by the vibrating vocal cords of a person, the vibrating string and soundboard of a guitar or violin, the vibrating tines of a tuning fork, or the vibrating diaphragm of a radio speaker. Third, the sound wave is transported from one location to another by means of particle-to-particle interaction. If the sound wave is moving through air, then as one air particle is displaced from its equilibrium position, it exerts a push or pull on its nearest neighbors, causing them to be displaced from their equilibrium position. This particle interaction continues throughout the entire medium, with each particle interacting and causing a disturbance of its nearest neighbors. Since a sound wave is a disturbance that is transported through a medium via the mechanism of particle-to-particle interaction, a sound wave is characterized as a mechanical wave. A vibration powered generator is a type of electric generator that converts the kinetic energy from vibration into electrical energy. The vibration may be from sound pressure waves or other ambient sources. Vibration powered generators usually consist of a resonator which is used to amplify the vibration source, and a transducer mechanism which converts the energy from the vibrations into electrical energy. The transducer usually consists of a magnet and coil or a piezoelectric crystal, Piezoelectric based generators use thin membranes or cantilever beams made of piezoelectric crystals as a transducer mechanism. When the crystal is put under strain by the kinetic energy of the vibration a small amount of current is produced thanks to the piezoelectric effect. These mechanisms are usually very simple with few moving parts, and they tend to have a very long service life. This makes them the most popular method of harvesting the energy from vibrations, These mechanisms can be manufactured using the MEMS fabrication process, which allows them to be created on a very small scale. The ability to make piezoelectric generators on such a small scale, is the main advantage of this method over the electromagnetic generators, especially when the generator, is being developed to power microelectronic devices, and piezoelectric systems have a long service life as, standardz, hahahahahahaha, :) #edio