Humans have faced poor environmental conditions throughout history, but what we think of as environmental problems became more common and apparent with industrialization and urbanization. In the United States, for example, air and water pollution from factories and dense urban living conditions attracted growing attention throughout the last century, and by the 1960s became recognized as significant problems. Concern over air and water pollution rapidly spread to a range of other conditions – soil erosion, pesticide contamination, deforestation, declining animal populations and species, and so on – through the efforts of environmental scientists, activists, and policy-makers.
Dunlap, R., & Jorgenson, A. (2012). Environmental Problems. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia Of Globalization.
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