Day 97 of #the100dayproject and my #realandendangered project. Today, I want to talk about the Togian Islands Babirusa (also known as Malenge Babirusa or Togian Babirusa), members of the pig family (Suidae) that are endemic to the Indonesia. There are four types of babirusas, and some of these five facts cover all of them: 1. They have remarkable tusks (or canine teeth) that can grow right up through the skin in their snout and curve back toward their forehead. 2. Babirusa means “pig deer” in the language of Malay. 3. They inhabit swamps in the rainforest. 4. They have barrel-shaped bodies with deer-like legs and bristly skin. 5. They engage in an unusual ploughing behavior.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature currently lists them as "endangered" and they are the most threatened of the four types of babirusas (Hairy Babirusa and Sulawesi Babirusa are listed as "vulnerable"). Babirusas on the Togian Islands are threatened by habitat loss (due to forest clearance and forest fires), human disturbance, occasional hunting (either food or threat to crops), and predation by dogs. The 1998 fire that damaged two thirds of Malenge Island’s forests is thought to have impacted food availability for the species. In terms of conservation, all Babirusa species receive full protection under Indonesian law. In 2013, the Indonesian government also released a taxon-specific conservation strategy and action plan, which identifies all islands where the species currently occurs as sites for conservation. The Togian Islands specifically have been designated a Marine National Park, which includes the habitat of the Togian Island Babirusa. However, the IUCN feels that much work remains to build awareness and consensus about the protected status of the park and sustainable land use and to address this issue of crop damage. #enmlillustration #thesadhappy #digitalart