Day 100 of #the100dayproject and my #realandendangered project. Though it is the last day of the #the100dayproject, I plan to continue with an additional species per week. For today, let's look at the final #the100dayproject installment: the Long-wattled umbrella bird, which is found in a relatively narrow belt along the western slopes of the Andes, from the San Juan River in Colombia down to southern Ecuador. Here are some additional facts: 1. They get their name from the male's long wattle, which inflates during courtship, resembling a large, open pine cone. 2. Females and juveniles resemble the male but are smaller, and both the crest (which is rather large on males, extending over the bill) and wattle are greatly reduced. 3. They are apparently clumsy flyers and prefer to hop from branch to branch within the canopy. 4. They play an important ecological role within its habitat as a seed dispersal agent (due to the large quantities of fruit they consume). 5. They are an altitudinal migrant species, as they migrate up and down the mountains rather than across the land.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature currently lists them as "endangered." Their primary threat is habitat loss, but hunting pressure still contribute to a decline in numbers. Their range falls in the Chocó rain forests, which is disappearing due to human activity like logging, mining, land conversion for agriculture (such as palm oil, banana plantations, and livestock-farming). This type of degradation not only destroys nests, but can affect breeding success. Hunters and animal collectors have also been known to target the birds in their countship spots, called “leks." They are considered endangered by both countries and both have founded protected reserves and parks. The Center for Tropical Research, a conservation and research organisation, is currently working to provide effective conservation action for the forests of north-western Ecuador. The IUCN has proposed additional actions, which include surveys, consolidated protection, sustainable management, and better enforcement to protect reserves from illegal logging, hunting, and colonization. #enmlillustration #thesadhappy #digitalart