Day 95 of #the100dayproject and my #realandendangered project. Today, we are going to look at another species who made EDGE's Primates in Peril: The World’s 25 Most Endangered Primates, 2008–2010 list: the Cotton-headed tamarin (or Cotton-top tamarin). Here are some facts about this New World Monkey, now occurring only in Colombia: 1. Their name comes from the amazing crest of white hair that tops their head. 2. Their fore and hind limbs are similar in size, allowing it to move quadrupedally. 3. They are diurnal and arboreal. 4. They are social monkeys and have a vocal repertoire of 38 distinct sounds. 5. Like other tamarins, they usually gives birth to twins.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature currently lists them as "critically endangered." Their main threat is deforestation. In fact, it is estimated that 75% of their original distribution has been cleared for agriculture and pasture, as well as for timber, charcoal, and human settlement. What remains are fragmented patches that are too small to maintain tamarin populations. They also have a history of being collected, not only for the trade but biomedical research. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, 20,000-30,000 individual tamarins were exported to the United States for biomedical research. In 2014, the IUCN estimated around 6,000 individuals remained in the wild (only 2,000 of them mature individuals) with their numbers continuing to decline. They are legally protected in Colombia and export of them is banned (all currently activity is illegal). They are also listed on CITES Appendix I and occur in protected areas. Colombia established their conservation program in 1987, which included a long-term field study with a number of stakeholders working on reproductive strategies, education efforts, training programs, and more. In addition, there has been a shift to also focus on assessment of the remaining habitat within the historic distribution and long-term viability of this population given the current rate of habitat destruction. #enmlillustration #thesadhappy #digitalart