This is so typical of the industrial architecture of England's north.
Taken on Holiday - Salts Mill - Saltaire, England.
Titus Salt, who built the mill (engl. textile factory), was an interesting guy. He introduced a whole raft of reforms for the workers at his textile mill, building a model village surrounding the factory with clean water, medical services, bath house, church and almshouses.
Conditions at the mill and in the village were considerably better than those found down the road at the City of Bradford.
I'd guess that his reasons were probably only partly philanthropic though - Cholera epidemics and other illnesses could reduce factory output considerably.