The Secret Behind Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid that is used to treat different heath conditions like skin diseases, allergic disorder, asthma, brain swelling, rheumatic arthritis and problems.
This drug comes in different trade names like Decadron, Dexasone, Diodex, Hexadrol, Maxidex, DexPak, Zema-Pak, etc.. It reduces the defensive reaction of the body and reduces symptoms. It can be treated with antibiotics to treat tuberculosis.
Dexamethasone is administered into the body system through the following means:
Intravenous Therapy: When the medication in liquid form, it is administered to the body by shipping through the vein with the assistance of injections or as drips. This mode of administration is regarded as the fastest since it goes straight to the bloodstream.
Intramuscular therapy: Otherwise known and abbreviated as IM. This drug delivery system is carried out by the assistance of injection to the muscle.
Subcutaneous Injection Therapy: is one of the several system of drug administration. It is called SC and can be used to administration dexamethasone through the subcutaneous layer of the skin.
Oral Administration: This entails administering dexamethasone throughout the mouth.
Dexamethasone Tablets USP usually contain either 0.5 mg, 0.75 mg, 1.5 mg, 2 mg, 4 mg, or 6 mg of dexamethasone USP. Each tablet also contain some inactive ingredients such as magnesium stearate, lactose, monohydrate, sugar, starch, FD&C Red, FD&C Yellow, Yellow Iron Oxide, D&C Yellow, and FD&C Blue.
Dexamethasone Oral Solution USP is formulated for oral administration comprises 05.5 mg per 5 ml of dexamethasone USP. This oral solution contains some inactive ingredients such as propylene glycol, sorbitol solution, propylparaben, anhydrous citric acid, glycerin, disodium edetate and water.
USES OF DEXAMETHASONE/PROS
Dexamethasone has various uses in anti-inflammatory diseases, cancer, endocrine treatment, pregnancy, higher altitude illnesses, nausea and vomiting, sore throat, and veterinary uses.
Dexamethasone is combined with clotrimazole and marbofloxacin with a brand name AURIZON as a remedy for severe earing infections especially in puppies.
Dexamethasone combined with dichlormethiazide may be used to treat general swelling and bruising distal limbs in horses.
A single dose of dexamethasone in children reduces the swelling of the airway which in turns improves breathing and decreased distress. In other words, can be used for treating CROUP in children. Dexamethasone given in a high dose functions as a counteract to allergic anaphylactic shock, Dexamethasone intravitreal steroid implant has been accepted by the Federal dental agency for the treatment of climatic conditions such as diabetic macular edema, central retinal vein occlusion, and uveitis, dexamethasone is present in ear drops, eye drops particularly after eye surgery and present in nasal sprays. Dexamethasone is used to treat inflammatory and autoimmune conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Dexamethasone is given before and or after dental surgeries like the removal of the wisdom tooth. Dexamethasone may also be administered before antibiotics in case of bacterial meningitis to reduce inflammatory response to the murdered bacterias.
In brain tumors, dexamethasone can be used to suppress the progression of edema that may compress other brain structures if not attended to, dexamethasone can be used as a direct chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of multiple myeloma.
Pregnancy complications may occur like premature delivery, but with the use of dexamethasone, it can help correct premature delivery by helping in the maturation of the fetus' lungs.
Nausea and vomiting
People who have had surgery experience nausea and vomiting. Administration of dexamethasone intravenously is effective for the prevention of nausea and vomiting from recurring.
Dexamethasone, like every other drugs has side effects they give. The regular side effects from the ingestion of dexamethasone includes
Trouble in sleeping
Increase in appetite
But if the under listed serious side effects occur, contact your doctor as soon as you notice
Increased thirst and urination
Signs of infection like fever
Slow, fast or irregular heartbeat
If you have a fungal infection or allergic to this medication, please do not take it. Before taking dexamethasone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have:
Glaucoma or cataracts
High blood pressure
Herpes infection of the eyes
This medication may mask signs of infection or put you at greater risk of developing very serious ailments. Report any injuries or signs of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat/fever/cough, pain during urination, muscle aches) that occur during treatment.
This medicine may slow down a child's development if used for quite a while. Consult the doctor or pharmacist for more details. See the physician regularly so your child's height and growth could be checked.
This drug may pass into breast milk and could have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast- feeding.
An overdose of this medication does not pose any life-threatening difficulties. Long term use of high does may lead to thinning skin, increased acne or facial hair, loss of interest in sex, menstrual problems and impotence.
DRUGS THAT AFFECT DEXAMETHASONE
It's not a fantastic safe to use some certain drugs at the same time since they pose a great deal of risks. Make sure you tell your doctor about all the drugs you are using before taking dexamethasone such as;
Insulin or diabetes medications
Birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy
Blood thinner -- Coumadin, Jantoven
Antibiotic or antifungal medicine
Medicine to treat dementia or Parkinson disease
The action of the world health organization in tagging dexamethasone as an essential drug in the medical field has shown dexamethasone to be of relevance to the health of male and studies showing that excess dexamethasone can induce hypertension through various mechanisms show that where there is great, there is also bad. Moderation is the key to ensuring that more good than bad is what has gotten from this medication. Following the physician's prescription strictly rather than self-medicating will also help to make dexamethasone us be of more good than bad.