THE INTUITIVE PHYSICS
I. NEWTON'S LAWS OF MOTION
An object in motion tends to stay in motion.
Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.
Motion continues unless there is resistance.
These laws continued to be seen as having universal relevance
until Quantum Mechanics came along, and determined the laws
to be different at different scales. Nonetheless, Newton's Laws of
Motion tend to remain accurate at what we call intermediate
scales, or some say, above the atomic level.
II. THE LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS
0: That, all conditions being equal, energy remains constant.
1: That, with some resistance, energy decreases.
2: That, with heat energy, energy tends to dissipate.
3: That, since most structures have some void, no perfect seal
can be built to contain heat.
4: That, over infinite time, energy tends to return to zero.
5: That energy tends to be created from the destruction of
These may not be the official definitions, but they give an clear
overview of the types of concepts covered by Thermodynamics.
III. ADVANCED PHYSICS
A black hole is a singularity.
You don't know your wave functions if you don't know that.
A black hole is a hole: an absence of space relative to time.
Heat is a bowshock, the wave of a crescendo.
Waves describe everything in motion, if it is also admitted a wave
can also be a surface.
Quanta describe particles at rest.
The foundational principle is construction and continuation.
But this basic principle is broken by indefinite energy states.
Wave-particle duality is broken by a further principle of the
multiplication of elemental composite properties resulting from
Many of the correlated properties concern either waves or
composite properties, such as those observed in material science
If there are unique or unusual properties, they tend to emerge
because of an opposition singularity or some of the properties
Physicists say that an oppositional singularity is not a black hole,
but people don't listen.
In fact, an oppositional singularity is any state involving
sufficiently opposite properties which might create a unique
IV. STRING THEORY
When I learned the basics of calculus, I also learned how to have
insights into string theory. My first idea was the equal-energy
particle theory = string theory, which at least sounds similar to
other string theories.
From the theory of equal energy, we can get concepts such as
supersymmetry, singularity, and virtual singularity (informational
vectors), which suggests that the theory actually is a form of
string theory, although perhaps a misguided one.
---Nathan Larkin Coppedge, 2016 (with due respect for major physicists of course, such as Newton, Einstein, Neils Bohr, Stephen Hawking, and Michio Kaku).