"ЪЬ" Fantasy Mag cover #editorial #experimental #glitch #analog #cyrillic #cover #magazine In russian, these two characters are used when you want to make the passage between or after the letters harder (Ъ) or softer (Ь). There is no way to read this characters as sounds, although they have names. Ъ - твёрдый знак, which can be translated as "hard sign". Ь - мягкий знак or "soft sign". These "signs" are the distinctive elements of cyrillic alphabet, that's why they are often seen in movies, games and other products that try to depict russian or east european cultures. "Irovanie" ("Ирование") is not a word. It is one of the endings of many russian words that usually mean some kind of action. E.g. планирование (planirovanie) - which means planning.