Just two hundred meters west of the original location of the ancient Library of Alexandria, Egypt built the largest and most fundamental modern education centre in the Arab World. Inaugurated in 2002, the Bibliotheca Alexandrina is a nod back to ancient times when the coastal gem of the Mediterranean, Alexandria, was the epicentre of knowledge and education. By storing 1.5 million volumes, it preservers the old ethos in commemoration of the ancient institution which was presumably burned down by Julius Caesar in 48 BC. The inspirational architectural space has the capacity to hold 8 million items, and currently host six specialist libraries, four museums, and a planetarium, while offering a limitless canvas for thought and reflection. Inside, an earthen palette was carefully chosen to represent the surrounding natural landscape: blue for sea and sky, green for nature, and yellow for sun. The shape of a lotus flower adorns the ceiling – an icon chosen for its symbolism in ancient Egyptian history. The lotus flower is often associated with rebirth and has come to symbolise the sun and creation within Egyptology.