Ludwig Mies van der Rohe 1886-1969 (1928-1930) Villa Tugendhat, Černopolní 45, Brno, 1918-1939 Czechoslovakia, 1939-1945 German occupation, 1948-1990 Czechoslovakia as a part of the Soviet bloc, 1993- Czech republic.
The furnishing of Tugendhat was a collaboration between Ludwig Mies van der Rohe & Lilly Reich 1885-1947. They designed the Brno chair & Tugendhat chair for the house. Both in the photo with the onyx wall.
The house was commissioned by Grete (née Löw-Beer) 1903-1970 & Fritz 1895-1958 Tugendhat. The family escaped the nazi Germany to Switzerland 1938 and to Venezuela 1941.
Gestapo confiscated the villa 1939 and used it as an apartment and office, it was severly damaged in the fights ending World war II, it’s been quarters and stables for the Soviet military, it’s been a children's physiotherapy center and used for various purposes and badly neglected.
Grete Tugendhat visited Brno 1967 at a personal invitation of František Kalivoda (1913-1971). Architect František Kalivoda and a group of engaged people managed in 1963 to get the Villa Tugendhat on the list of architectural cultural monuments.
Villa Tugendhat Fund and Friends of Tugendhat founded 1993.
2010-2012 reconstruction and restoration of Tugendhat.
UNESCO World heritage list 2001.
Villa Tugendhat is absolutely a piece of art. The city of Brno disputes that. Pavel Zara a spokesman for city hall:
"By our definition of the law, Villa Tugendhat is real estate, not a work of art. A work of art would be a painting, for instance, or something you can move around. It's not a piece of land or a building on it. And for that reason, we can't consider returning it."
Villa Löw-Beer, in jugend/art nouveau, Grete Tugendhats family home is also in Brno (Museum of Brno).
Villa Tugendhat http://www.tugendhat.eu/en/
Villa Tugendhat UNESCO http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1052