The painting, a contemporary work rendered in oil on canvas, represents two elite ladies playing ‘chaupara’, a derivative of the Sanskrit term ‘Chauranga’, one of the ancient games of India. The painting is rendered in the idiom of modern art of around 1880-1900 A.D. as practiced at Lahore, one of the main centres of Bazaar art. The recovery of a number of pieces or mans with which the ‘chaupara’ was played in excavations of Indus sites suggests that ‘chaupara’ was played in the subcontinent since Indus days, that is, since 3000 to 2500 B.C. Interestingly, the game marks its presence even in divine iconography. Besides scriptures alluding to Indra, other gods and ‘apsaras’ – celestial nymphs, playing ‘chaupara’, the ninth century Kailash temple at Ellora has a sculpture representing Shiva and Parvati as playing it. The Great War – the Mahabharata, as portrays the fifth century B.C. epic of the same name, was mainly the result of the game of ‘chaupara’. Not only the Pandavas’ kingdom but also their wife Draupadi won in the game by cheating had resulted in the Great War.